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Conditions Resolved with Upper Cervical Chiropractic – NUCCA

HERE IS A LIST OF DOZENS OF HEALTH PROBLEMS HELPED UNDER UPPER CERVICAL CARE, WITH HUNDREDS OF SUPPORTING ARTICLES!

ADD/ADHD

Hospers L. EEG and CEEG Studies Before and After Upper Cervical or SOT Category II Adjustment in Children After Head Trauma, in Epilepsy and in “Hyperactivity”. Proceedings of the National Conference on Chiropractic & Pediatrics, November 1992. Sweat MH. Attention Deficit Disorder. 12th Annual Upper Cervical Conference, Life College, Marietta, GA, November 18-19, 1995.

Elster EL. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care for a Nine-Year-Old Male with Tourette Syndrome, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Depression, Asthma, Insomnia, and Headaches: A Case Report. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, July 12, 2003:1-11.

Stone-McCoy PA, Przybysz L. Chiropractic Management of a Child with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder & Vertebral Subluxation: A Case Study. J Pediatr, Maternal & Family Health, March 1, 2009:1-8.

Wolfertz MT, Dahlberg VL. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care for a Sixteen-Year-Old Male with Bipolar Disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Vertebral Subluxation. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, June 20, 2012:55-62.

Dickholtz M, White E. Improvement in Quality of Life, Sleep & Attention in a Patient with Attention Deficit Disorder Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care to Reduce Vertebral Subluxation: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, August 27, 2012:71-6.

Bagnaro N. Improvement in Subjective, Academic and TOVA Measures in a Child with ADHD Following Upper Cervical Chiropractic Management. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, July 10, 2014:42-6.

Manis AJ, Rubinstein MM. Resolution of Motor Tics, ADHD and Discontinuation of Medications in a 10 Year Old Male Twin Following Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, November 21, 2014:68-71.

ANXIETY

Hubbard TA, Kane JD. Chiropractic Management of Essential Tremor and Migraine: A Case Report. J Chiropr Med, 2012; 11:121-6.

Nardi J. Resolution of Irritable Bowel Symptomatology in a Patient Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, April 18, 2013:25-31.

Roth L, Zelman D, Clum L, Roth J. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care as a Complementary Strategy for Depression and Anxiety: A Prospective Case Series Analysis. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, June 20, 2013:49-59.

ASTHMA

Killinger LZ. Chiropractic Care in the Treatment of Asthma. Palmer J Res, 1995; 2(3):74-7.

Peet JB, Marko SK, Piekarczyk W. Chiropractic Response in the Pediatric Patient with Asthma: A Pilot Study. Chiro Pediatrics, 1995; 1(4):9-13.

Peet JB. Case Study: Eight Year Old Female with Chronic Asthma. Chiropr Pediatrics, 1997; 3(2):9-12.

Hunt JM. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care of a Pediatric Patient with Asthma: A Case Study. J Clin Chiropr Pediatr, 2000; 5(1):318-21.

Elster EL. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care for a Nine-Year-Old Male with Tourette Syndrome, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Depression, Asthma, Insomnia, and Headaches: A Case Report. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, July 12, 2003:1-11.

Rectenwald R. Resolution of Severe Chronic Asthma in an Infant Following Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care to Reduce Subluxation. J Pediatr, Maternal & Family Health, May 26, 2014:27-9.

AUTISM

Aguilar AL. Can Chiropractic Care Effectively Alter the Behaviors Exhibited in Autistic Children? 12th Annual Upper Cervical Conference, Life College, Marietta, GA, November 18-19, 1995.

Aguilar AL, Grostic JD, Pfleger B. Chiropractic Care and Behavior in Autistic Children. J Clin Chiropr Pediatr, 2000; 5(1):293-304.

Khorshid KA, et al. Clinical Efficacy of Upper Cervical Versus Full Spine Chiropractic Care on Children with Autism: A Randomized Clinical Trial. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, March 9, 2006:1-7.

Noriega A, Chung J, Brown J. Improvement in a 6 year-old Child with Autistic Spectrum Disorder and Nocturnal Enuresis under Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, January 30, 2012:1-8.

BACK PAIN

Hoiriis KT. Case Report: Management of Post-Surgical Chronic Low Back Pain with Upper Cervical Adjustment. Chiropr Res J, 1989; 1(3):37-42.

Goodman R. Hypertension and The Atlas Subluxation Complex. J Chiropr Res Clin Investigation, 1992; 8(2):30- 2.

Sweat R. Correction of Multiple Herniated Lumbar Disc by Chiropractic Intervention. J Chiropr Case Reports, 1993; 1(1):14-7.

Vaillancourt PJ, Collins KF. Case Report: Management of Post-Surgical Low Back Syndrome with Upper Cervical Adjustment. Chiropr Res J, 1993; 2(3):1-16.

Robinson SS, Collins KF, Grostic JD. A Retrospective Study: Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain Managed with Specific Upper Cervical Adjustments. Chiropr Res J, 1993; 2(4):10-6.

Oliverio AB. Review of the Literature Adjusting Only the Cervical Spine and its Effect on Low Back Pain. Chiropr Res J, 1994; 3(1):3-6.

Eriksen K. Correction of Juvenile Idiopathic Scoliosis After Primary Upper Cervical Care: A Case Study. Chiropr Res J, 1996; 3(3):25-33.

Knutson GA. Abnormal Upper Cervical Joint Alignment and the Neurologic Component of the Atlas Subluxation Complex. Chiropr Res J, 1997; 4(1):5-9.

Hoiriis KT, Pfleger B, McDuffie FC, Alattar M, Owens EF. Design and Implementation of a Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial of Chiropractic Care Versus Drug Therapy for Sub-Acute Low Back Pain. Chiropr Res J, 1997; 4(2):50-63.

Eriksen K. Management of Cervical Herniated Disc with Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 1998; 21(1):51-6.

Reynolds C. Reduction of Hypolordosis of the Cervical Spine and Forward Head Posture with Specific Upper Cervical Adjustment and the Use of a Home Therapy Cushion. Chiropr Res J, 1998; 5(1):23-7.

Knutson GA. Rapid Elimination of Chronic Back Pain and Suspected Long-Term Postural Distortion with Upper Cervical Vectored Manipulation: A Novel Hypothesis for Chronic Subluxation/Joint Dysfunction. Chiropr Res J, 1999; 6(2):57-64.

Dickholtz M, Woodfield C. Atlas Correction of Patients with Neck and Back Pain Using the NUCCA Technique. 16th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, November 20-21, 1999.

Kessinger RC, Boneva DV. A New Approach to the Upper Cervical Specific, Knee-Chest Adjusting Procedure: Part I. Chiropr Res J, 2000; 7(1):14-32.

McCoy M, Paez P. Response to Specific Upper Cervical Adjustment in a Patient with Multiple Neuromusculoskeletal Complaints: A Case Study. 17th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, February 3-4, 2001.

White B, Kessinger RC. The Upper Cervical Spine and Chronic Lumbar Disc Degeneration with Muscular Atrophy. 17th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, February 3-4, 2001.

Edenfield BA. A Case Report: Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care for an Adult Patient with Scheuermann’s Disease and Back Pain. 17th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, February 3-4, 2001.

Hoiriis KT, et al. A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Chiropractic Adjustments to Muscle Relaxants for Subacute Low Back Pain. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2004; 27(6):388-98.

Rectenwald R. A Case Study of Back Pain and Renal Cell Carcinoma. J Chiropr Med, 2008; 7(1):24-7.

Khauv KB, Dickholtz M. Improvement in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis in a Patient Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Report. J Pediatr, Maternal & Family Health, September 13, 2010:136-42.

Eriksen K, Rochester RP, Hurwitz EL. Symptomatic Reactions, Clinical Outcomes and Patient Satisfaction Associated with Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Prospective, Multicenter, Cohort Study. BMC Musculoskelet Disord, 2011; 12:219.

Alibhoy N. Resolution of Fibromyalgia Following Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, June 20, 2011:39-44.

Bennett C, Tedder N. Improvement in a Patient with Fibromyalgia Following Knee Chest Upper Cervical Specific Care: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, March 15, 2012:27-30.

Landry S. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Management of a Patient Diagnosed with Idiopathic Parkinson’s Disease: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, July 30, 2012:63-70.

Dickholtz M, White E. Improvement in Quality of Life, Sleep & Attention in a Patient with Attention Deficit Disorder Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care to Reduce Vertebral Subluxation: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, August 27, 2012:71-6.

Kessinger RC, Anderson MF, Adlington JW. Improvement in Pattern Analysis, Heart Rate Variability & Symptoms Following Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, May 9, 2013:32-42.

Soriano W, Apatiga A. Resolution of Fibromyalgia & Polypharmacy Concomitant with Increased Cervical Curve & Improved Quality of Life Following Reduction of Upper Cervical Subluxation: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, October 21, 2014:61-7.

BLADDER CONTROL

Prax JC. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care of the Pediatric Patient: A Review of the Literature. J Clin Chiropr Pediatr, 1999; 4(1): 257-63.

Elster EL. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Management of a Multiple Sclerosis Patient: A Case Report. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, 2001; 4(2):22-30.

Noriega A, Chung J, Brown J. Improvement in a 6 year-old Child with Autistic Spectrum Disorder and Nocturnal Enuresis under Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, January 30, 2012:1-8.

BONE DENSITY EVALUATION

Kessinger RC, Boneva DV. A New Approach to the Upper Cervical Specific, Knee-Chest Adjusting Procedure: Part I. Chiropr Res J, 2000; 7(1):14-32.

Kessinger R, Boneva D, White PB. Bone Mineral Density Changes Following Upper Cervical Care. 9th Annual Vertebral Subluxation Research Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Spartanburg, SC, October 13-14, 2001.

CARDIOVASCULAR FUNCTION

Goodman R. Hypertension and The Atlas Subluxation Complex. J Chiropr Res Clin Investigation, 1992; 8(2):30- 2.

Schwartzbauer J, Kolber J, Schwartzbauer M, Hart J, Zhang J. Athletic Performance and Physiological Measures in Baseball Players Following Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Pilot Study. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, 1997; 1(4):33-9.

Knutson GA. Significant Changes in Systolic Blood Pressure Post Vectored Upper Cervical Adjustment Vs Resting Control Groups: A Possible Effect of the Cervicosympathetic and/or Pressor Reflex. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2001; 24(2):101-9.

Bakris G, et al. Atlas Vertebra Realignment and Achievement of Arterial Pressure Goal in Hypertensive Patients: A Pilot Study. J Hum Hypertens, 2007; 21(5):347-52.

Bakris G, et al. Atlas Vertebra Realignment and Achievement of Arterial Pressure Goal in Hypertensive Patients: A Pilot Study. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, Oct. 29, 2007:1-9.

Burcon MT. Resolution of Trigeminal Neuralgia Following Chiropractic Care to Reduce Cervical Spine Vertebral Subluxations: A Case Study. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, October 26, 2009:1-7.

Shreeve MW, LaRose JR. Chiropractic Care of a Patient with Thoracic Outlet Syndrome and Arrhythmia. J Chiropr Med, 2011; 10(2):130-4.

Sweat R, Adams T. Resolution of Post-Concussion Seizures Following Atlas Orthogonal Technique. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, November 3, 2011:66-70.

Qualls T, Lester C. Resolution of Atrial Fibrillation & Hypertension in a Patient Undergoing Upper-Cervical Chiropractic Care. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, February 22, 2012:9-15.

Torns S. Atlas Vertebra Realignment and Arterial Blood Pressure Regulation in 42 Subjects. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, April 24, 2012 40-5.

Whedon E. Upper Cervical Specific Chiropractic Management of a Patient with Hypertension: A Case Report and Selective Review of the Literature. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, January 20, 2013:1-13.

Kessinger RC, Anderson MF, Adlington JW. Improvement in Pattern Analysis, Heart Rate Variability & Symptoms Following Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, May 9, 2013:32-42.

Chung J, Brown J, Busa J. Resolution of Hypertension Following Reduction of Upper Cervical Vertebral Subluxation: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, January 2, 2014:1-6.

Hart J. Reduction of Resting Pulse Rate Following Chiropractic Adjustment of Atlas Subluxation. Annals Vertebral Subluxation Res, March 3, 2014:16-21.

Kessinger RC, Moe C. Improvement in Chronic Hypertension Following a Single Upper Cervical Adjustment: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, January 19, 2015:1-5.

CERVICAL CURVE

McAlpine JE. Subluxation Induced Cervical Myelopathy: A Pilot Study. Chiropr Res J, 1991; 2(1):7-22.

Dobson GJ. Structural Changes in the Cervical Spine Following Spinal Adjustments in a Patient with Os Odontoideum: A Case Report. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, 1996; 1(1):37-40.

Reynolds C. Reduction of Hypolordosis of the Cervical Spine and Forward Head Posture with Specific Upper Cervical Adjustment and the Use of a Home Therapy Cushion. Chiropr Res J, 1998; 5(1):23-7.

Kessinger RC, Boneva DV. Case Study: Acceleration/Deceleration Injury with Angular Kyphosis. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2000; 23(4):279-87.

Hubbard TA, Kane JD. Chiropractic Management of Essential Tremor and Migraine: A Case Report. J Chiropr Med, 2012; 11:121-6.

Bennett C, Tedder N. Improvement in a Patient with Fibromyalgia Following Knee Chest Upper Cervical Specific Care: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, March 15, 2012:27-30.

Soriano W, Apatiga A. Resolution of Fibromyalgia & Polypharmacy Concomitant with Increased Cervical Curve & Improved Quality of Life Following Reduction of Upper Cervical Subluxation: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, October 21, 2014:61-7.

Manis AJ, Rubinstein MM. Resolution of Motor Tics, ADHD and Discontinuation of Medications in a 10 Year Old Male Twin Following Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, November 21, 2014:68-71.

CERVICAL HERNIATED DISC

Licata F, Miller M. The Treatment of Herniated Nucleus Pulposus in the Cervical Spine Using Atlas Orthogonal Chiropractic Technique. Conference Proceedings of the Chiropractic Centennial Foundation, July 1995.

Robinson GK. Reabsorption of a Herniated Cervical Disc Following Chiropractic Treatment Utilizing the Atlas Orthogonal Technique: A Case Report. 14th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, November 22-23, 1997.

Eriksen K. Management of Cervical Herniated Disc with Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 1998; 21(1):51-6.

CHIARI MALFORMATION

Smith JL. Effects of Upper Cervical Subluxation Concomitant with a Mild Arnold-Chiari Malformation: A Case Study. Chiropr Res J, 1997; 4(2):77-81.

Burcon M. Upper Cervical Protocol to Reduce Vertebral Subluxation in Ten Subjects with Menieres: A Case Series. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, June 2, 2008:1-8.

Freeman MD, et al. A Case-Control Study of Cerebellar Tonsillar Ectopia and Cervical Spine Trauma. XXI Congress of the International Academy of Legal Medicine, May 2009, Lisbon, Portugal Freeman MD, et al. A Case-Control Study of Cerebellar Tonsillar Ectopia and Cervical Spine Trauma. European Congress of Radiology, March 4-8, 2010, Vienna, Austria.

Freeman MD, et al. A Case-Control Study of Cerebellar Tonsillar Ectopia and Head/Neck (Whiplash) Trauma. Brain Injury, 2010; 24(7-8):988-94.

Rosa S, Freeman MD, Harshfield D. Restoration of Normal Cerebrospinal Fluid Flow in 2 Cases of Confirmed Cerebellar Tonsillar Ectopia with Long-Term Headaches, Following Use of the Atlas Orthogonal Instrumented Manipulation Technique. J Rehab Med, 2011; Suppl 50:14.

Rosa S, Freeman M, Harshfield D. Restoration of Normal CerebroSpinal Fluid Flow in 2 Cases of Confirmed Cerebellar Tonsillar Ectopi a with Long-Term Headaches, Following Use of The Atlas Orthogonal Instrumented Manipulation Technique. 5th International Whiplash Trauma Congress, Lund, Sweden, August 24-28, 2011.

CHRONIC FATIGUE/FIBROMYALGIA

Woodfield C. Progress Report on Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) Study. 14th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, November 22-23, 1997.

Woodfield C, Dickholtz M. The Effect of Upper Cervical Chiropractic Corrections on Patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. 15th Annual Upper Cervical Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, November 21-22, 1998.

Alibhoy N. Resolution of Fibromyalgia Following Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, June 20, 2011:39-44.

Bennett C, Tedder N. Improvement in a Patient with Fibromyalgia Following Knee Chest Upper Cervical Specific Care: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, March 15, 2012:27-30.

Woodfield HC, Dickholtz M. Quality of Life Improvement in Patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Following Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, December 11, 2012:92-9.

Soriano W, Apatiga A. Resolution of Fibromyalgia & Polypharmacy Concomitant with Increased Cervical Curve & Improved Quality of Life Following Reduction of Upper Cervical Subluxation: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, October 21, 2014:61-7.

INFANTILE COLIC

1.) Of 316 infants who received upper cervical adjustments, 94% had a successful outcome. Average age of infants was 5.7 weeks old. 2.) This study compared chiropractic care to the prescription drug Dimethicone (Simethicone, Mylicon). The study found the prescription drug to reduce average hours of colic per day by 38% while chiropractic care reduced average hours of colic per day by 67%.

1.) Klougart N, Nilsson N, Jacobsen J. Infantile Colic Treated by Chiropractors: A Prospective Study of 316 Cases. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 1989; 12(4):281-288.

2.) Wiberg JM, Nordsteen J, Nilsson N. The Short-term Effect of Spinal Manipulation in the Treatment of Infantile Colic: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial with a Blind Observer. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 1999; 22(8):517-521.

CONSTIPATION

Eriksen K. Effects of Upper Cervical Correction on Chronic Constipation. Chiropr Res J, 1994; 3(1):19-22.

Marko SK. Case Study-The Effect of Chiropractic Care on an Infant with Problems of Constipation. Chiropr Pediatrics, 1994; 1(3):23-4.

Killinger LZ, Azad A. Chiropractic Care of Infantile Colic: A Case Study. J Clin Chiropr Pediatrics, 1998; 3(1):203-6.

Hunt JM. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care of an Infant with Irregular Bowel Function: A Case Study. J Clin Chiropr Pediatr, 2000; 5(1):312-4.

Soriano W, Apatiga A. Resolution of Fibromyalgia & Polypharmacy Concomitant with Increased Cervical Curve & Improved Quality of Life Following Reduction of Upper Cervical Subluxation: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, October 21, 2014:61-7.

Flory T, Chung J, Ozner J. Resolution of Facial Neuralgia Following Reduction of Atlas Subluxation Complex: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, February 23, 2015:6-13.

DEPRESSION

Kessinger RC, Boneva DV. A New Approach to the Upper Cervical Specific, Knee-Chest Adjusting Procedure: Part I. Chiropr Res J, 2000; 7(1):14-32.

Elster EL. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care for a Nine-Year-Old Male with Tourette Syndrome, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Depression, Asthma, Insomnia, and Headaches: A Case Report. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, July 12, 2003:1-11

Hoiriis KT, et al. A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Chiropractic Adjustments to Muscle Relaxants for Subacute Low Back Pain. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2004; 27(6):388-98.

Genthner GC, Friedman HL, Studley CF. Improvement in Depression Following Reduction of Upper Cervical Vertebral Subluxation using Orthospinology Technique. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, November 4, 2005: 1-4.

Bello R. Symptomatic Improvement in a Patient with Parkinson’s Disease Subsequent to Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, June 13, 2011:31-8.

Hubbard TA, Kane JD. Chiropractic Management of Essential Tremor and Migraine: A Case Report. J Chiropr Med, 2012; 11:121-6.

Nardi J. Resolution of Irritable Bowel Symptomatology in a Patient Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, April 18, 2013:25-31.

Roth L, Zelman D, Clum L, Roth J. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care as a Complementary Strategy for Depression and Anxiety: A Prospective Case Series Analysis. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, June 20, 2013:49-59.

Malachowski T, Rubinstein R. Improved Health Outcomes in Parkinson’s Disease Utilizing Specific Upper Cervical Chiropractic Protocol: A Case Series. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, May 15, 2014:23-33.

DYSAFFERENTATION

First we must understand “The central neuromuscular mechanisms controlling the craniocervical posture are the same ones that determine the body posture.”  Our postural distortion is an adaptive and compensatory state, it happens gradually over time following a trauma.  “In this adaptive state, patients lack the cognitive ability to become aware of their malposition which, consequently, can not be self-corrected.

Gonzalez HE, Mannus A. Forward Head Posture: Its Structural and Functional Influence on the Stomatognathic System, a Conceptual Study. J Craniomandibular Practice, 1996; 14(1):71-80.

DYSTONIA

“This case study was the first to report in the medical literature showing an association between atlanto-axial subluxation and primary dystonia.”

Al-Jishi A, Sreekantaswamy. Dystonia Associated with Atlantoaxial Subluxation. Clin Neurol Neurosurg, 2000; 102(4):223-235.

EPILEPSY

“Upper cervical care to correct vertebral subluxation was administered to 15 patients, and all reported positive outcomes as a result of chiropractic care.” The study concluded, “chiropractic care was apparently effective in reducing the number of seizures associated with patients with post-traumatic neurologic disorder.

Pistolese RA. Epilepsy and Seizure Disorders: A Review of Literature Relative to Chiropractic Care of Children. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2001; 24(3):199-205.

EVOKED POTENTIALS

Grostic J, Glick D, Burke E, Sheres B. Chiropractic Adjustment Reversal of Neurological Insult. Proceedings of the International Conference on Spinal Manipulation, May 1992.

Vaillancourt PJ, Collins KF. Case Report: Management of Post-Surgical Low Back Syndrome with Upper Cervical Adjustment. Chiropr Res J, 1993; 2(3):1-16.

Glick D, Lee F, Grostic J. Documenting the Efficacy of Chiropractic Care Utilizing Somatosensory Evoked Potential (SEP) Testing: Post Spinal Adjustment Changes in SEP’s Duplicating Those Observed. Proceedings of the International Conference on Spinal Manipulation, 1993.

Collins KF, Pfleger B. The Neurophysiological Evaluation of the Subluxation Complex: Documenting the Neurological Component with Somatosensory Evoked Potentials. Chiropr Res J, 1994; 3(1):40-8.

Collins KF, Pfleger B. Significance of Functional Leg Length Inequality Upon Somatosensory Evoked Potential Findings. 11th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life College, Marietta, GA, November 19-20, 1994.

Glick DM. The Effective Utilization of Somatosensory Evoked Potentials in the Evaluation and Management of Upper Cervical Subluxations: Two Case Examples. 11th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life College, Marietta, GA, November 19-20, 1994.

Glick DM. Utilizing Stochastic Resonance to Identify Electrical Potentials that may be Generated During the Course of an Upper Cervical Adjustment. 12th Annual Upper Cervical Conference, Life College, Marietta, GA, November 18-19, 1995.

Collins, KF. Utilization of Somato-Sensory Evoked Potentials in Subluxation Based Chiropractic Research. 6th Annual National Subluxation Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Atlantic City, NJ, October 10- 11, 1998.

EXTREMITIES

Glick DM. Conservative Chiropractic Care of Cervicobrachialgia: A Case Study. Chiropr Res J, 1989; 1(3):49-52.

Thomas MD, Wood J. Upper Cervical Adjustments May Improve Mental Function. J Man Med, 1992; 6:215-6. Feeley KM. Conservative Chiropractic Care of Frozen Shoulder Syndrome: A Case Study. Chiropr Res J, 1992; 2(2):31-7.

Brown M, Vaillancourt P. Case Report: Upper Cervical Adjusting for Knee Pain. Chiropr Res J, 1993; 2(3):6-9. Kirby SL. A Case Study: The Effects of Chiropractic On Multiple Sclerosis. Chiropr Res J, 1994; 3(1):7-12.

Bolton PS, Bolton SP. Acute Cervical Torticollis and Palmer Upper Cervical Specific Technique: A Report of Three Cases. Chiropr J Australia, 1996; 26(3):89-93.

Knutson GA. Thermal Asymmetry of the Upper Extremity in Scalenus Anticus Syndrome, Leg-Length Inequality and Response to Chiropractic Adjustment. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 1997; 20(7):476-81.

Killinger LZ, Azad A. Multiple Sclerosis Patients Under Chiropractic Care: A Retrospective Study. Palmer J Res, 1997; 2(4):96-100.

Robinson GK. Reabsorption of a Herniated Cervical Disc Following Chiropractic Treatment Utilizing the Atlas Orthogonal Technique: A Case Report. 14th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, November 22-23, 1997.

Reynolds C. Reduction of Hypolordosis of the Cervical Spine and Forward Head Posture with Specific Upper Cervical Adjustment and the Use of a Home Therapy Cushion. Chiropr Res J, 1998; 5(1):23-7.

Elster EL. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Management of a Multiple Sclerosis Patient: A Case Report. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, 2001; 4(2):22-30.

White B, Kessinger RC. The Upper Cervical Spine and Chronic Lumbar Disc Degeneration with Muscular Atrophy. 17th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, February 3-4, 2001.

Davis WR, Basillio RF. Resolution of Brachioradial Pruritis, Vertigo & Neck Pain Following Introduction of Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, April 14, 2011:22-4.

Bello R. Symptomatic Improvement in a Patient with Parkinson’s Disease Subsequent to Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, June 13, 2011:31-8.

Alibhoy N. Resolution of Fibromyalgia Following Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, June 20, 2011:39-44.

Bowler B, Conlen K. Retracing: A Case Study of How Early Life Dis-ease Becomes Complex Adult Health Issues. 8th Annual International Research and Philosophy Symposium, Sherman College of Chiropractic Spartanburg, South Carolina, October 22-23, 2011.

Millman L, Forest T, Hubbard T. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care for a 10-year-old Patient with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, October 10, 2012:85-91.

Chung J, Brown J, Busa J. Resolution of Hypertension Following Reduction of Upper Cervical Vertebral Subluxation: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, January 2, 2014:1-6.

Malachowski T, Rubinstein R. Improved Health Outcomes in Parkinson’s Disease Utilizing Specific Upper Cervical Chiropractic Protocol: A Case Series. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, May 15, 2014:23-33.

Soriano W, Apatiga A. Resolution of Fibromyalgia & Polypharmacy Concomitant with Increased Cervical Curve & Improved Quality of Life Following Reduction of Upper Cervical Subluxation: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, October 21, 2014:61-7.

FUNCTIONAL LEG LENGTH INEQUALITY

Seemann DC. Bilateral Weight Differential and Functional Short Leg: An Analysis of Pre and Post Data After Reduction of an Atlas Subluxation. Chiropr Res J, 1993; 2(3):33-8.

Collins KF, Pfleger B. Significance of Functional Leg Length Inequality Upon Somatosensory Evoked Potential Findings. 11th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life College, Marietta, GA, November 19-20, 1994.

Eriksen K, James KA. Pilot Study: Electromyography, Temperature Differential Device, Supine Leg Length Deficiency and their Correlation with the Occipito-Atlanto-Axial Subluxation Complex. 11th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life College, Marietta, GA, November 19-20, 1994.

Eriksen K, James KA. A Randomized Controlled Double Blind Study of Specific Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care. 12th Annual Upper Cervical Conference, Life College, Marietta, GA, November 18-19, 1995.

Knutson GA. Thermal Asymmetry of the Upper Extremity in Scalenus Anticus Syndrome, Leg-Length Inequality and Response to Chiropractic Adjustment. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 1997; 20(7):476-81.

Hinson R, Brown SH. Supine Leg Length Differential Estimation: An Inter- and Intra-Examiner Reliability Study. Chiropr Res J, 1998; 5(1):17-22.

Hoiriis KT, Hinson R, Elsangek O, Brown S, Verzosa GT, Burd D. Baseline Characteristics of Chiropractic Patients: Correlation of Anatometer Readings with Supine Leg Length Inequality. National Vertebral Subluxation Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Spartanburg, SC, October 9-10, 1999.

Hinson R, Pfleger B. Pre- and Postadjustment Supine Leg-Length Estimation. J Chiropr Education, 2000; 14(1):37- 8.

Knutson GA. The Supine Leg Check as a Determinant of Physiological/Postural Leg Length Inequality: A Case Study and Analysis. Chiropr Res J, 2000; 7(1):8-13.

Knutson GA. The Functional “Short Leg”; Physiological Mechanisms and Clinical Manifestations. 8th Annual Vertebral Subluxation Research Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Spartanburg, SC, October 7- 8, 2000.

Knutson GA. The Supine Functional Short Leg; Incidence in the General Population, Validity and Correlation with Indices of General Well-Being. 9th Annual Vertebral Subluxation Research Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Spartanburg, SC, October 13-14, 2001.

Knutson GA. Incidence of Foot Rotation, Pelvic Crest Unleveling, and Supine Leg Length Alignment Asymmetry and Their Relationship to Self-Reported Back Pain. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2002; 25(2):110E.

Knutson GA. Validating the Supine “Short Leg” Check, and the Association of the Functional “Short Leg” with the Upper Cervical Spine and Upper Cervical Subluxation. 11th Annual Vertebral Subluxation Research Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Spartanburg, South Carolina, October 2003.

Knutson GA, Owens EF. Leg Length Alignment Asymmetry in a Non-Clinical Population and its Correlation to a Decrease in General Health as Measured by the SF-12: A Pilot Study. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, November 1, 2004:1-5.

Knutson GA, Owens E. Erector Spinae and Quadratus Lumborum Muscle Endurance Tests and Supine Leg-Length Alignment Asymmetry: An Observational Study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2005; 28(8):575-81.

Knutson GA. Anatomic and Functional Leg-Length Inequality: A Review and Recommendation for Clinical Decision-Making. Part I, Anatomic Leg-Length Inequality: Prevalence, Magnitude, Effects and Clinical Significance. Chiropr Osteopat, 2005; 13:11.

Knutson GA. Anatomic and Functional Leg-Length Inequality: A Review and Recommendation for Clinical Decision-Making. Part II, the Functional or Unloaded Leg-Length Asymmetry. Chiropr Osteopat, 2005; 13:12.

Knutson GA. Examination of Two Subjects with Severe, Quantified Anatomic Leg Length Inequality Using Unloaded “Functional” Leg Checks. Clin Chiropr, 2006; 9(2):76-80.

Woodfield HC, Gerstman BB, Olaisen RH, Johnson DF. Interexaminer Reliability of Supine Leg Checks for Discriminating Leg-Length Inequality. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2011; 34(4):239-46.

Chapman C, Singh GD. Combined Effect of a Biomimetic Oral Appliance and Atlas Orthogonist Cervical Adjustment on Leg Lengths in Adults. Annals Vertebral Subluxation Res, August 15, 2013:46-50.

GASTROINTESTINAL DISORDERS

Peet JB. Case Study: Three Year Old Female with Acute Stomach Problems. Chiropr Pediatrics, 1997; 3(1):10-1.

Prax JC. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care of the Pediatric Patient: A Review of the Literature. J Clin Chiropr Pediatr, 1999; 4(1): 257-63.

Kessinger RC, Boneva DV. A New Approach to the Upper Cervical Specific, Knee-Chest Adjusting Procedure: Part I. Chiropr Res J, 2000; 7(1):14-32.

Elster E. Sixteen Infants with Acid Reflux and Colic Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care to Correct Vertebral Subluxation: A Retrospective Analysis of Outcome. J Pediatr, Maternal & Family Health, May 9, 2009:1-7.

Hubbard TA, Crisp CA. Cessation of Cyclic Vomiting in a 7-Year-Old Girl After Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Report. J Chiropr Med, 2010; 9(4):179-83.

Nardi J. Resolution of Irritable Bowel Symptomatology in a Patient Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, April 18, 2013:25-31.

Roth L, Zelman D, Clum L, Roth J. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care as a Complementary Strategy for Depression and Anxiety: A Prospective Case Series Analysis. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, June 20, 2013:49-59.

HEADACHES

Goodman R. Hypertension and The Atlas Subluxation Complex. J Chiropr Res Clin Investigation, 1992; 8(2):30- 2.

Mathis P. Specific Upper Cervical Adjusting in the Supine Position. Chiropr Res J, 1993; 2(4):1-5.

Whittingham W, Ellis WB, Molyneux TP. The Effect of Manipulation (Toggle Recoil Technique) for Headaches with Upper Cervical Joint Dysfunction: A Pilot Study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 1994; 17(6):369-75.

Killinger LZ. Chiropractic Treatment of Cervicogenic Headaches: A Brief Report. Palmer J Res, 1994; 1(2):48-50.

Knutson GA. Abnormal Upper Cervical Joint Alignment and the Neurologic Component of the Atlas Subluxation Complex. Chiropr Res J, 1997; 4(1):5-9.

Woodfield C, Wallace H, Smith M, Dickholtz M. A Comparison of Outcome and Process Measures to Determine the Effectiveness of an Upper Cervical Chiropractic Correction. 14th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, November 22-23, 1997.

Knutson GA, Jacob M. Possible Manifestation of Temporo-Mandibular Dysfunction on Chiropractic Cervical X-ray Studies. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 1999; 22(1):32-7.

Kessinger RC, Boneva DV. A New Approach to the Upper Cervical Specific, Knee-Chest Adjusting Procedure: Part I. Chiropr Res J, 2000; 7(1):14-32.

Brown S. Case Study: Use of an Upper Cervical Specific Chiropractic Technique in a Subject with Chronic Migraines. 130th Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association, November 11, 2002.

Knutson G. Vectored Upper Cervical Manipulation for Chronic Sleep Bruxism, Headache and Cervical Spine Pain in a Child. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2003; 26(6):e16.

Elster EL. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care for a Nine-Year-Old Male with Tourette Syndrome, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Depression, Asthma, Insomnia, and Headaches: A Case Report. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, July 12, 2003:1-11.

Elster EL. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care for a Patient with Chronic Migraine Headaches with an Appendix Summarizing an Additional 100 Headache Cases. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, August 3, 2003:1-10.

Elster EL. Treatment of Bipolar, Seizure, and Sleep Disorders and Migraine Headaches Utilizing a Chiropractic Technique. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2004; 27(3):E5.

Carleton J, et al. Resolution of Cervical Complications Secondary to Motor Vehicle Accidents by the Application of Stereotactic Cervical Alignment (SCALE) Methods: Statistical Review of 54 Patients. J Whiplash Rel Dis, 2006; 5(1):15-24.

Palmer J, Dickholtz M. Improvement in Radiographic Measurements, Posture, Pain & Quality of Life in NonMigraine Headache Patients Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Retrospective Practice Based Study. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, June 4, 2009:1-11.

Rosa S, Freeman MD, Harshfield D. Restoration of Normal Cerebrospinal Fluid Flow in 2 Cases of Confirmed Cerebellar Tonsillar Ectopia with Long-Term Headaches, Following Use of the Atlas Orthogonal Instrumented Manipulation Technique. J Rehab Med, 2011; Suppl 50:14.

Mayheu A, Sweat M. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care of a Patient with Post Concussion Syndrome, Positional Vertigo, and Headaches. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, January 6, 2011:3-9.

Chung J, Salminen B. Reduction in Scoliosis in a 10 Year-Old Female Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Report. J Pediatr, Maternal & Family Health, February 28, 2011:23-30.

Alibhoy N. Resolution of Fibromyalgia Following Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, June 20, 2011:39-44.

Thornhill JT. Improvement in a Female with Multiple Sclerosis Undergoing Chiropractic Care Utilizing Toggle Recoil Technique: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, October 27, 2011:60-5.

Hubbard TA, Kane JD. Chiropractic Management of Essential Tremor and Migraine: A Case Report. J Chiropr Med, 2012; 11:121-6.

Sweat R, Pottenger T. Seizure, Ataxia, Fatigue, Strabismus and Migraine Resolved by Precise Realignment of the First Cervical Vertebra: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, March 12, 2012:20-6.

Jones MA, Salminen BJ. Meniere’s Disease Symptomatology Resolution with Specific Upper Cervical Care. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, March 29, 2012:31-9.

Dickholtz M, White E. Improvement in Quality of Life, Sleep & Attention in a Patient with Attention Deficit Disorder Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care to Reduce Vertebral Subluxation: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, August 27, 2012:71-6.

Whedon E. Upper Cervical Specific Chiropractic Management of a Patient with Hypertension: A Case Report and Selective Review of the Literature. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, January 20, 2013:1-13.

Bernard M, Alcantara J, Pierce S. The Care of a Teenage Girl with Migraine Headaches with the Advanced Orthogonal Procedure: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, January 24, 2013:14-9.

Verderame J, Hollowell J. Cone-beam Computerized Tomography for the Bio-mechanical Assessment of the Occipito-Atlanto-Axial Articulation in a 75-Year-Old Woman with Migraines Undergoing Blair Technique. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, July 22, 2013:60-4.

Soriano W, Apatiga A. Resolution of Fibromyalgia & Polypharmacy Concomitant with Increased Cervical Curve & Improved Quality of Life Following Reduction of Upper Cervical Subluxation: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, October 21, 2014:61-7.

Flory T, Chung J, Ozner J. Resolution of Facial Neuralgia Following Reduction of Atlas Subluxation Complex: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, February 23, 2015:6-13.

CERVICOGENIC HEADACHES

“The headache group was found to be significantly different from the non-headache group in respect to forward head posture.”  This article goes on to explain that irritation of the upper cervical spinal cord and nerve roots leads to suboccipital muscle tension.  When this occurs the head and neck are shifted forward to balance the gaze of the eyes.  This results in joint dysfunction, leading to pain and further forward head posture.

Watson DH, Trott PH. Cervical Headache: An Investigation of Natural Head Posture and Upper Cervical Flexor Muscle Performance. Cephalgia, 1993; 13(4):272-284.

TENSION HEADACHE

This study compared cervical spine adjustments to amitriptyline, an antidepressant occasionally prescribed for headaches and migraines, in their ability to reduce pain in patients suffering from tension headaches. The study found that “after the cessation of treatment…..patients who received spinal manipulation therapy experienced a sustained therapeutic benefit in all major outcomes in contrast to the patients that received amitriptyline therapy, who reverted to baseline (pain) values”.

Boline PD, Kassak K, Bronfort G, Nelson C, Anderson AV. Spinal Manipulation vs. Amitriptyline for the Treatment of Chronic Tension-Type Headaches: A Randomized Clinical Trial. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 1995; 18(3):148-154.

HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE

This video and article describe the upper cervical adjustment lowering blood pressure equivalent to taking two prescription medications! This made abcNEWS!

IMMUNE FUNCTION

Selano JL, Hightower BC, Pfleger B, Collins KF, Grostic JD. The Effects of Specific Upper Cervical Adjustments on the CD4 Counts of HIV Positive Patients. Chiropr Res J, 1994; 3(1):32-9.

Freedman SI. Two Case Studies of HIV Positive Patients Receiving “Specific” Chiropractic Care Utilizing KneeChest Specific Adjustment Technique on C1-C2 Vertebrae Only. 12th Annual Upper Cervical Conference, Life College, Marietta, GA, November 18-19, 1995.

Peet JB. Adjusting the Febrile Pediatric Patient. Chiropr Pediatrics, 1996; 2(3):11-2. Jenson CD, Lee G. Remission of Hepatocellular Carcinoma in a Patient Under Chiropractic Care: A Case Report. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, 1998; 2(3):125-30.

Kessinger RC, Boneva DV. A New Approach to the Upper Cervical Specific, Knee-Chest Adjusting Procedure: Part I. Chiropr Res J, 2000; 7(1):14-32.

INSTRUMENTATION

Grostic JD. The Adjustment Instrument as a Research Tool. Chiropr Res J, 1988; 1(2):47-55. James KA. Thermocouple Scanning Device Intra-Examiner and Inter-Examiner Reliability Study. 10th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life College, Marietta, Georgia, 1993.

Wiedemann RL. Case Studies of Surface EMG Tested at C1 & C3 Pre and Post Adjustment Along with Correlated Pre and Post X-rays. 11th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life College, Marietta, GA, November 19-20, 1994.

Eriksen K, James KA. Pilot Study: Electromyography, Temperature Differential Device, Supine Leg Length Deficiency and their Correlation with the Occipito-Atlanto-Axial Subluxation Complex. 11th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life College, Marietta, GA, November 19-20, 1994.

Eriksen K, James KA. A Randomized Controlled Double Blind Study of Specific Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care. 12th Annual Upper Cervical Conference, Life College, Marietta, GA, November 18-19, 1995.

James KA. Correlation of Scanning Palpation and Grostic Cervical X-rays with a Thermocouple Temperature Measuring Device. 13th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life College, Marietta, GA, November 16-17, 1996.

James KA. Inter- and Intra-Examiner Reliability in Interpretations of Readings from a Thermocouple Temperature Measuring Device. 14th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, November 22-23, 1997.

Kessinger RC, Boneva DV. Neurocognitive Function and the Upper Cervical Spine. 16 th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, November 20–21, 1999.

Laney CD. Instrument Cervical Adjusting. National Vertebral Subluxation Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Spartanburg, SC, October 9-10, 1999.

Elliott TR. Applied Wave Motion into Semifluid Tissue. National Vertebral Subluxation Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Spartanburg, SC, October 9-10, 1999.

Salminen BJ, Misra T. Inter- and Intra-examiner Reliability of the TyTron C-3000. 8th Annual Vertebral Subluxation Research Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Spartanburg, SC, October 7-8, 2000.

Owens EF, Hart J, Stein T. Short-term Stability and Reliability of Paraspinal Infrared Thermal Scans. 9th Annual Vertebral Subluxation Research Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Spartanburg, SC, October 13-14, 2001.

Hart J. Effect of Equilibration Times on the Stability of Paraspinal Heat Patterns. 9th Annual Vertebral Subluxation Research Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Spartanburg, SC, October 13-14, 2001.

Brown MD, Coe A, DeBoard TD. Mastoid Fossa Temperature Imbalances in the Presence of Interference Patterns: A Retrospective Analysis of 253 Cases. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, July 15, 2010:1-13.

McCoy M. Paraspinal Thermography in the Analysis and Management of Vertebral Subluxation: A Review of the Literature. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, July 14, 2011:57-66.

Hart J. Detecting Outliers in Mastoid Fossa Readings: A Case Report. 8th Annual International Research and Philosophy Symposium, Sherman College of Chiropractic Spartanburg, South Carolina October 22-23, 2011.

Kessinger RC, Anderson MF, Adlington JW. Improvement in Pattern Analysis, Heart Rate Variability & Symptoms Following Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, May 9, 2013:32-42.

MENIERE’S DISEASE

“75% of Meniere’s Disease patients reported a strong associated between head and neck movements in the atlanto-occipital and atlanto-axial joints that triggered attacks of vertigo.” This association can be managed with upper cervical chiropractic care.

Bjorne A, Berven A, Agerberg G. Cervical Signs and Symptoms in Patients with Meniere’s Disease: A Controlled Study. Cranio, 1998; 16(3):194-202.

Boneva D. Two Case Studies: Meniere’s Disease and Cervical Spine Trauma Post Upper Cervical Specific Chiropractic Care. 15th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, November 21-22, 1998.

Burcon MT. Upper Cervical Protocol for Ten Meniere’s Patients. 9 th Annual Vertebral Subluxation Research Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Spartanburg, SC, October 13-14, 2001.

Burcon M. Upper Cervical Protocol to Reduce Vertebral Subluxation in Ten Subjects with Menieres: A Case Series. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, June 2, 2008:1-8.

Burcon M. Cervical Specific Protocol and Results for One Hundred and Thirty Nine Meniere’s Patients. 2008 International Research and Philosophy Symposium, Sponsored by Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Spartanburg, South Carolina, October 17-19, 2008.

Burcon MT. Upper Cervical Specific Protocol and Results for 139 Patients with Medically Diagnosed Meniere’s Disease. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, November 14, 2010:1-10.

Burcon MT. Cervical Specific Protocol and Results for 300 Meniere’s Patients Over Three Years. 8th Annual International Research and Philosophy Symposium, Sherman College of Chiropractic Spartanburg, South Carolina, October 22-23, 2011.

Jones MA, Salminen BJ. Meniere’s Disease Symptomatology Resolution with Specific Upper Cervical Care. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, March 29, 2012:31-9.

MENTAL HEALTH DISORDERS

Thomas MD, Wood J. Upper Cervical Adjustments May Improve Mental Function. J Man Med, 1992; 6:215-6.

Burroughs GH. The Relationship Between Upper Cervical Subluxations and Learning Disabilities. 12th Annual Upper Cervical Conference, Life College, Marietta, GA, November 18-19, 1995.

Kessinger R, Boneva D. The Influence of Upper Cervical Subluxation on Mental Function. National Vertebral Subluxation Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Spartanburg, SC, October 9-10, 1999.

Kessinger RC, Boneva DV. Case Study: Acceleration/Deceleration Injury with Angular Kyphosis. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2000; 23(4):279-87.

Elster EL. Treatment of Bipolar, Seizure, and Sleep Disorders and Migraine Headaches Utilizing a Chiropractic Technique. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2004; 27(3):E5.

Wolfertz MT, Dahlberg VL. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care for a Sixteen-Year-Old Male with Bipolar Disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Vertebral Subluxation. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, June 20, 2012:55-62.

Malachowski T, Rubinstein R. Improved Health Outcomes in Parkinson’s Disease Utilizing Specific Upper Cervical Chiropractic Protocol: A Case Series. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, May 15, 2014:23-33.

MIGRAINE

1.) Study results suggest that the atlas realignment intervention may be associated with a reduction of migraine frequency and marked improvement on quality of life. 2.) 31 patients suffering from “cervical migraines”. Patients received 2 or 3 adjustments with complete relief of headache in 75% of subjects.

  1.  Woodfield, C., Hasick, G., Becker, W., Rose, M., Scott, J. Effect of Atlas Realignment with Migraine: An Observational Pilot Study. Biomed Research International. Volume 2015, Article ID 630472
  2.  Vernon H. Spinal Manipulation and Headaches: An Update. Top Clin Chiropr, 1995; 2(3):34-36.

MISCELLANEOUS

Gleberzon BJ. Chiropractic “Name Techniques”: A Review of the Literature. J Can Chiropr Assoc, 2001; 45(2):86- 99.

Eriksen K. Orthogonally-Based Upper Cervical Practice Survey Study. 9 th Annual Vertebral Subluxation Research Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Spartanburg, SC, October 13-14, 2001.

Webster SK, Dickholtz M, Woodfield C, Bakris GL. Acute Effect of NUCCA Cervical Adjustment on Patients with Diabetes Type II. 17th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, February 3-4, 2001.

Eriksen K. Long-standing Axis Odontoid Fracture in Patient Presenting with Acute Low Back Pain. Clin Chiropr, 2005; 8(2):81-92.

Knutson GA. Intracranial Hypotension Causing Headache and Neck Pain: A Case Study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2006; 29(8):682-4.

Eriksen K, Rochester RP. Orthospinology Procedures: An Evidence-Based Approach to Spinal Care. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2007.

Eriksen K. Upper Cervical Subluxation Complex: A Review of the Chiropractic and Medical Literature. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2004.

Graham BA, Clausen P, Bolton PS. A Descriptive Study of the Force and Displacement Profiles of the Toggle-Recoil Spinal Manipulative Procedure (Adjustment) as Performed by Chiropractors. Man Ther, 2010; 15(1):74-9.

Hubbard TA, Crisp CA, Vowles B. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care for a 25-Year-Old Woman with Myoclonic Seizures. J Chiropr Med, 2010; 9(2):90-4.

(Menstrual cycle improvement) Shreeve MW, Franklin M. Evidence-Based Chiropractic Using Functional Assessments in an Upper Cervical Model: A Retrospective Analysis. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, May 5, 2014:17-22.

MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS

Kirby SL. A Case Study: The Effects of Chiropractic On Multiple Sclerosis. Chiropr Res J, 1994; 3(1):7-12.

Killinger LZ, Azad A. Multiple Sclerosis Patients Under Chiropractic Care: A Retrospective Study. Palmer J Res, 1997; 2(4):96-100.

Elster EL. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Management of a Multiple Sclerosis Patient: A Case Report. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, 2001; 4(2):22-30.

Elster E. Eighty-One Patients with Multiple Sclerosis and Parkinson’s Disease Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care to Correct Vertebral Subluxation: A Retrospective Analysis. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, August 2, 2004:1-9.

Thornhill JT. Improvement in a Female with Multiple Sclerosis Undergoing Chiropractic Care Utilizing Toggle Recoil Technique: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, October 27, 2011:60-5.

Brown J, Chung J, McCullen B. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care of a Female Patient with Multiple Sclerosis: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, March 1, 2012:16-9.

Mandolesi S, Marceca G, Conicello S, Harris E. Upper Cervical Vertebral Subluxation in Multiple Sclerosis Subjects with Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency: A Pilot Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, September 23, 2013:65-70.

NECK PAIN

1.) “patients with neck pain and spasm of the upper trapezius often assume a forward head position”.  2.) This study also found a relationship between anterior head carriage and cervical extension with neck pain.  This forward head position will only lead to further cervical joint dysfunction, and is uncorrectable without upper cervical correction.

1.) Enwemeka CS, et al. Postural Correction in Persons with Neck Pain. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 1986; 8(5):240-242.

2.)  Haughie L, Fiebert I, Roach K. Relationship of Forward Head Posture and Cervical Backward Bending to Neck Pain. J Man Manipulative Therapy, 1995; 3(3):91-97.

Glick DM. Conservative Chiropractic Care of Cervicobrachialgia: A Case Study. Chiropr Res J, 1989; 1(3):49-52.

Feeley KM. Conservative Chiropractic Care of Frozen Shoulder Syndrome: A Case Study. Chiropr Res J, 1992; 2(2):31-7.

Killinger LZ. Chiropractic Treatment of Cervicogenic Headaches: A Brief Report. Palmer J Res, 1994; 1(2):48-50.

Killinger LZ. Torticollis: A Chiropractic Case Study. Palmer J Res, 1995; 2(2):23-6.

Saks BS, Halan M, Hoiriis KT, Pfleger B. A Clinical Study of the Effectiveness of Upper Cervical Chiropractic Adjustments on Non-Specific Cervicalgia: A Pilot Study. 12th Annual Upper Cervical Conference, Life College, Marietta, GA, November 18-19, 1995.

Knutson GA. Chiropractic Correction of Atlantoaxial Rotatory Fixation. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 1996; 19(4):268-72.

Bolton PS, Bolton SP. Acute Cervical Torticollis and Palmer Upper Cervical Specific Technique: A Report of Three Cases. Chiropr J Australia, 1996; 26(3):89-93.

Knutson GA. Abnormal Upper Cervical Joint Alignment and the Neurologic Component of the Atlas Subluxation Complex. Chiropr Res J, 1997; 4(1):5-9.

Woodfield C, Wallace H, Smith M, Dickholtz M. A Comparison of Outcome and Process Measures to Determine the Effectiveness of an Upper Cervical Chiropractic Correction. 14th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, November 22-23, 1997.

Reynolds C. Reduction of Hypolordosis of the Cervical Spine and Forward Head Posture with Specific Upper Cervical Adjustment and the Use of a Home Therapy Cushion. Chiropr Res J, 1998; 5(1):23-7.

James KA. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care for Spasmodic Torticollis Cases. 15th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, November 21-22, 1998.

Dickholtz M, Woodfield C. Atlas Correction of Patients with Neck and Back Pain Using the NUCCA Technique. 16th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, November 20-21, 1999.

Kessinger RC, Boneva DV. Case Study: Acceleration/Deceleration Injury with Angular Kyphosis. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2000; 23(4):279-87.

Sweat RW, Sweat MH. Improved Cervical Function with Atlas Orthogonal Adjustments: A Pilot Study in Preparation for a Federal Research Proposal. 9th Annual Vertebral Subluxation Research Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Spartanburg, SC, October 13-14, 2001.

McCoy M, Paez P. Response to Specific Upper Cervical Adjustment in a Patient with Multiple Neuromusculoskeletal Complaints: A Case Study. 17th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, February 3-4, 2001.

Cowin R, Bryner P. Hearing Loss, Otalgia and Neck Pain: A Case Report on Long-Term Chiropractic Care that Helped to Improve Quality of Life. Chiropr J Aust, 2002; 32(4):119-30.

Knutson G. Vectored Upper Cervical Manipulation for Chronic Sleep Bruxism, Headache and Cervical Spine Pain in a Child. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2003; 26(6):e16.

Elster EL. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care for a Nine-Year-Old Male with Tourette Syndrome, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Depression, Asthma, Insomnia, and Headaches: A Case Report. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, July 12, 2003:1-11.

Carleton J, et al. Resolution of Cervical Complications Secondary to Motor Vehicle Accidents by the Application of Stereotactic Cervical Alignment (SCALE) Methods: Statistical Review of 54 Patients. J Whiplash Rel Dis, 2006; 5(1):15-24.

Burcon M. Upper Cervical Protocol to Reduce Vertebral Subluxation in Ten Subjects with Menieres: A Case Series. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, June 2, 2008:1-8.

Rochester RP. Neck Pain and Disability Outcomes Following Chiropractic Upper Cervical Care: A Retrospective Case Series. J Can Chiropr Assoc, 2009; 53(3) 173-85.

Hannah JH. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Treatment for a Patient Demonstrating a Non-Traumatic Bipartite Atlas: A Literature Review and Case Report. Chiropr J Aust, 2009; 39(2):70-4.

Eriksen K, Rochester RP, Hurwitz EL. Symptomatic Reactions, Clinical Outcomes and Patient Satisfaction Associated with Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Prospective, Multicenter, Cohort Study. BMC Musculoskelet Disord, 2011; 12:219.

Davis WR, Basillio RF. Resolution of Brachioradial Pruritis, Vertigo & Neck Pain Following Introduction of Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, April 14, 2011:22-4.

Wells CE, Williams J. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Management of an Adult with Ankylosing Spondylitis: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, May 27, 2011:25-30.

Henry L. Resolution of Hemifacial Spasm Following Specific Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, August 15, 2011:57-9.

Thornhill JT. Improvement in a Female with Multiple Sclerosis Undergoing Chiropractic Care Utilizing Toggle Recoil Technique: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, October 27, 2011:60-5.

Sweat R, Adams T. Resolution of Post-Concussion Seizures Following Atlas Orthogonal Technique. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, November 3, 2011:66-70.

Brown J, Chung J, McCullen B. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care of a Female Patient with Multiple Sclerosis: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, March 1, 2012:16-9.

Bennett C, Tedder N. Improvement in a Patient with Fibromyalgia Following Knee Chest Upper Cervical Specific Care: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, March 15, 2012:27-30.

Dickholtz M, White E. Improvement in Quality of Life, Sleep & Attention in a Patient with Attention Deficit Disorder Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care to Reduce Vertebral Subluxation: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, August 27, 2012:71-6.

Kessinger RC, Anderson MF, Adlington JW. Improvement in Pattern Analysis, Heart Rate Variability & Symptoms Following Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, May 9, 2013:32-42.

Bagnaro N. Improvement in Subjective, Academic and TOVA Measures in a Child with ADHD Following Upper Cervical Chiropractic Management. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, July 10, 2014:42-6.

Flory T, Chung J, Ozner J. Resolution of Facial Neuralgia Following Reduction of Atlas Subluxation Complex: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, February 23, 2015:6-13.

NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS

Mathis P. Specific Upper Cervical Adjusting in the Supine Position. Chiropr Res J, 1993; 2(4):1-5.

Collins KF, Barker C, Brantley J, Planas V, Roopnarine C, Thornton P. The Efficacy of Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care on Children and Adults with Cerebral Palsy: A Preliminary Report. Chiro Pediatr, 1994; 1(1):13-5.

Hoiriis KT. Clonus Resolved. 11th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life College, Marietta, GA, November 19-20, 1994.

Smith JL. Effects of Upper Cervical Subluxation Concomitant with a Mild Arnold-Chiari Malformation: A Case Study. Chiropr Res J, 1997; 4(2):77-81.

Kessinger R, Boneva D. Bell’s Palsy and the Upper Cervical Spine. Chiropr Res J, 1999; 6(2):47-56.

James KA. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care in Two Cases: Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD) and Dysautonomia. 16th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, November 20-21, 1999.

Salminen BJ, Izumi M, Chung J. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care of a Patient with Joubert Syndrome and Hemifacial Spasm. J Pediatr, Maternal & Family Health, December 21, 2009:1-8.

Mayheu A, Sweat M. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care of a Patient with Post Concussion Syndrome, Positional Vertigo, and Headaches. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, January 6, 2011:3-9.

Henry L. Resolution of Hemifacial Spasm Following Specific Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, August 15, 2011:57-9.

Sweat R, Pottenger T. Seizure, Ataxia, Fatigue, Strabismus and Migraine Resolved by Precise Realignment of the First Cervical Vertebra: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, March 12, 2012:20-6.

Hubbard TA, Kane JD. Chiropractic Management of Essential Tremor and Migraine: A Case Report. J Chiropr Med, 2012; 11:121-6.

Brown J, Chung J, O’Connell K. Complications Following Brain Surgery Improved After Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, June 14, 2013:43-8.

Mandolesi S, Marceca G, Conicello S, Harris E. Upper Cervical Vertebral Subluxation in Multiple Sclerosis Subjects with Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency: A Pilot Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, September 23, 2013:65-70.

Shreeve MW, Momplaisir F. Resolution of Tic Disorder in an 8-Year Old Boy Following the Grostic Technique: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, November 18, 2013:71-6.

Manis AJ, Rubinstein MM. Resolution of Motor Tics, ADHD and Discontinuation of Medications in a 10 Year Old Male Twin Following Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, November 21, 2014:68-71.

NEUROLOGY

Grostic JD. Dentate Ligament-Cord Distortion Hypothesis. Chiropr Res J, 1988; 1(1):47-55.

Collins KF, Pfleger B. The Neurophysiological Evaluation of the Subluxation Complex: Documenting the Neurological Component with Somatosensory Evoked Potentials. Chiropr Res J, 1994; 3(1):40-8.

Knutson GA. Tonic Neck Reflexes, Leg Length Inequality and Atlanto-Occipital Fat Pad Impingement: An Atlas Subluxation Complex Hypothesis. Chiropr Res J, 1997; 4(2):64-76.

Crowe HS, Kleinman TD. The Neurologic Basis of Upper Cervical Subluxation: Clinical Manifestations. 6th Annual National Subluxation Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Atlantic City, NJ, October 10-11, 1998.

Crowe HL, Crowe KH. The C1 Nerve Root and Its Relation to Vectored Adjusting. Chiropr Res J, 1999; 6(1):10- 1.

Knutson GA. A Neuro-Muscular Model for Subluxation. 7th Annual National Vertebral Subluxation Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Spartanburg, SC, October 9-10, 1999.

Knutson GA. The role of the gamma-motor system in increasing muscle tone and muscle pain syndromes: a review of the Johansson/Sojka hypothesis. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2000; 23(8):564-72.

Knutson G, Owens E. Active and Passive Characteristics of Muscle Tone and their Relationship to Models of Subluxation/Joint Dysfunction. Part I. J Can Chiropr Assoc, 2003; 47(3):168-79.

Knutson G, Owens E. Active and Passive Characteristics of Muscle Tone and their Relationship to Models of Subluxation/Joint dysfunction. Part II. J Can Chiropr Assoc, 2003; 47(4):269-83.

OPHTHALMIC DISORDERS

Mathis P. Specific Upper Cervical Adjusting in the Supine Position. Chiropr Res J, 1993; 2(4):1-5.

Killinger LZ, Azad A. Multiple Sclerosis Patients Under Chiropractic Care: A Retrospective Study. Palmer J Res, 1997; 2(4):96-100.

Kessinger R, Boneva D. Changes in Visual Acuity in Patients Receiving Upper Cervical Specific Chiropractic Care. 6th Annual National Subluxation Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Atlantic City, NJ, October 10-11, 1998.

Kessinger R, Boneva D. Changes in Visual Acuity in Patients Receiving Upper Cervical Specific Chiropractic Care. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, 1998; 2(1):43-9.

Hooper S, Manis A. Upper Cervical Care in a Nine-Year-Old Female with Occipital Lobe Epilepsy: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, February 3, 2011:10-7.

Sweat R, Adams T. Resolution of Post-Concussion Seizures Following Atlas Orthogonal Technique. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, November 3, 2011:66-70.

Sweat R, Pottenger T. Seizure, Ataxia, Fatigue, Strabismus and Migraine Resolved by Precise Realignment of the First Cervical Vertebra: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, March 12, 2012:20-6.

OTITIS MEDIA

1.) In a study with subject size of 332 children….”Upper cervical adjustments seemed to be the primary intervention that helped these children.” 2.) An inner ear muscle named Tensor Veli Palatini is the only active opener of the eustachian tube. This muscle is controlled by nerve fiber coming from the upper cervical area.

1.) Fallon JM. The Role of the Chiropractic Adjustment in the Care and Treatment of 332 Children with Otitis Media. J Clin Chiropr Ped, 1997; 2(2):167-182.

2.) Fallon JM. Chiropractic Care of 401 Children with Otitis Media: a Pilot Study. Alternative Therapies, 1998; 4(2):93.

OTOLARYNGOLOGIC DISORDERS

Filosa DA. A Remission of Anosmia and Ageusia Following Chiropractic Adjustments. Res Forum, 1988; 4(2):43- 5.

Peet JB. Case Study: Chiropractic Results with a Child with Reoccurring Otitis Media Accompanied by Effusion. Chiropr Pediatrics, 1996; 2(2):8-10.

Smith JL. Effects of Upper Cervical Subluxation Concomitant with a Mild Arnold-Chiari Malformation: A Case Study. Chiropr Res J, 1997; 4(2):77-81.

Kessinger RC, Boneva DV. Case Study: Acceleration/Deceleration Injury with Angular Kyphosis. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2000; 23(4):279-87.

Kessinger RC, Boneva DV. Vertigo, Tinnitus, and Hearing Loss in the Geriatric Patient. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2000; 23(5):352-62.

Kessinger RC, Boneva DV. A New Approach to the Upper Cervical Specific, Knee-Chest Adjusting Procedure: Part I. Chiropr Res J, 2000; 7(1):14-32.

Cowin R, Bryner P. Hearing Loss, Otalgia and Neck Pain: A Case Report on Long-Term Chiropractic Care that Helped to Improve Quality of Life. Chiropr J Aust, 2002; 32(4):119-30.

Elster E. Sixty Patients with Chronic Vertigo Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care to Correct Vertebral Subluxation: A Retrospective Analysis. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, November 8, 2006:1-9.

Khauv KB, Dickholtz M. Improvement in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis in a Patient Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Report. J Pediatr, Maternal & Family Health, September 13, 2010:136-42.

Mayheu A, Sweat M. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care of a Patient with Post Concussion Syndrome, Positional Vertigo, and Headaches. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, January 6, 2011:3-9.

Davis WR, Basillio RF. Resolution of Brachioradial Pruritis, Vertigo & Neck Pain Following Introduction of Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, April 14, 2011:22-4.

Burcon MT. Resolution of Glossopharyngeal Neuralgia with Spastic Dysphonia Following Chiropractic Care to Reduce Cervical Spine Vertebral Subluxations: A Case Study. 8th Annual International Research and Philosophy Symposium, Sherman College of Chiropractic Spartanburg, South Carolina, October 22-23, 2011.

Sweat R, Adams T. Resolution of Post-Concussion Seizures Following Atlas Orthogonal Technique. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, November 3, 2011:66-70.

Jones MA, Salminen BJ. Meniere’s Disease Symptomatology Resolution with Specific Upper Cervical Care. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, March 29, 2012:31-9.

Burcon M, Pero J. Resolution of Glossopharyngeal Neuralgia & Spastic Dystonia Following Chiropractic Care to Reduce Upper Cervical Vertebral Subluxation: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, January 6, 2014:7- 13.

Blöm G. Resolution of Anosmia and Ageusia Following Knee Chest Upper Cervical Specific Chiropractic Care: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, January 16, 2014:14-6.

Malachowski T, Rubinstein R. Improved Health Outcomes in Parkinson’s Disease Utilizing Specific Upper Cervical Chiropractic Protocol: A Case Series. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, May 15, 2014:23-33.

Flory T, Chung J, Ozner J. Resolution of Facial Neuralgia Following Reduction of Atlas Subluxation Complex: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, February 23, 2015:6-13.

PALPATION

Sweat RW. Documentation of Scanning Palpation at the Occiput, Atlas and Axis Area. 12th Annual Upper Cervical Conference, Life College, Marietta, GA, November 18-19, 1995.

Sweat RW, Lalka M. Scanning Palpation. 14th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, November 22-23, 1997.

Donofrio J, Spano N, Owens E. Reliability and Validity of Muscle Palpation as an indicator of Subluxation in the Upper Cervical Spine. National Vertebral Subluxation Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Spartanburg, SC, October 9-10, 1999.

Hart J. Comparison of X-ray Listings and Palpation Listing of the Upper Cervical Spine. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, 2000; 4(1).

PARKINSON’S DISEASE

Elster EL. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Management of a Patient with Parkinson’s Disease: A Case Report. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2000; 23(8):573-7.

Elster E. Eighty-One Patients with Multiple Sclerosis and Parkinson’s Disease Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care to Correct Vertebral Subluxation: A Retrospective Analysis. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, August 2, 2004:1-9.

Chung J, Brown J. Reduction in Symptoms Related to Parkinson’s Disease Concomitant with Subluxation Reduction Following Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, March 7, 2011:18-21.

Bello R. Symptomatic Improvement in a Patient with Parkinson’s Disease Subsequent to Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, June 13, 2011:31-8. Malachowski T, Goode S, Kale BJ. Specific Upper Cervical Chiropractic Management of a Patient with Parkinson’s Disease: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Ch

iropr Res, August 1, 2011:50-6. Landry S. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Management of a Patient Diagnosed with Idiopathic Parkinson’s Disease: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, July 30, 2012:63-70.

Malachowski T, Rubinstein R. Improved Health Outcomes in Parkinson’s Disease Utilizing Specific Upper Cervical Chiropractic Protocol: A Case Series. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, May 15, 2014:23-33.

PEDIATRICS

Gutmann G. Blocked Atlantal Nerve Syndrome, in Infants and Small Children. Man Med, Springer-Verlag, 1987.

Goodman RJ, Mosby JS. Cessation of a Seizure Disorder: Correction of the Atlas Subluxation Complex. J Chiropr Res Clin Invest, 1990; 6(2):43-6.

Burns RE, Schneier M. Atlanto-Occipital Hypermobility in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. J Chiropr Res Clin Invest, 1991 Jul; 7(2):33-8.

Biedermann H. Kinematic Imbalance Due to Suboccipital Strain in Newborns. J Man Med, 1992; 6(5):151-6.

Hospers L. EEG and CEEG Studies Before and After Upper Cervical or SOT Category II Adjustment in Children After Head Trauma, in Epilepsy and in “Hyperactivity”. Proceedings of the National Conference on Chiropractic & Pediatrics, November 1992.

Eriksen K. Effects of Upper Cervical Correction on Chronic Constipation. Chiropr Res J, 1994; 3(1):19-22.

Collins KF, Barker C, Brantley J, Planas V, Roopnarine C, Thornton P. The Efficacy of Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care on Children and Adults with Cerebral Palsy: A Preliminary Report. Chiro Pediatr, 1994; 1(1):13-5.

Peet J. Brachial Plexus Injury in an Infant with Down’s Syndrome: A Case Study. Chiropr Pediatrics, 1994; 1(2):11- 4.

Marko SK. Case Study-The Effect of Chiropractic Care on an Infant with Problems of Constipation. Chiropr Pediatrics, 1994; 1(3):23-4.

Aguilar AL. Can Chiropractic Care Effectively Alter the Behaviors Exhibited in Autistic Children? 12th Annual Upper Cervical Conference, Life College, Marietta, GA, November 18-19, 1995.

Killinger LZ. Chiropractic Care in the Treatment of Asthma. Palmer J Res, 1995; 2(3):74-7.

Peet JB, Marko SK, Piekarczyk W. Chiropractic Response in the Pediatric Patient with Asthma: A Pilot Study. Chiro Pediatrics, 1995; 1(4):9-13.

Dobson GJ. Structural Changes in the Cervical Spine Following Spinal Adjustments in a Patient with Os Odontoideum: A Case Report. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, 1996; 1(1):37-40.

Biedermann H, Koch L. Zur Differntialdiagnos des KISS-Syndroms. Man Med, 1996; 34(3):73-81.

Dobson GJ. Structural Changes in the Cervical Spine Following Spinal Adjustments in a Patient with Os Odontoideum: A Case Report. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, 1996; 1(1):37-40.

Peet JB. Case Study: Chiropractic Results with a Child with Reoccurring Otitis Media Accompanied by Effusion. Chiropr Pediatrics, 1996; 2(2):8-10.

Peet JB. Adjusting the Febrile Pediatric Patient. Chiropr Pediatrics, 1996; 2(3):11-2.

Knutson GA. Chiropractic Correction of Atlantoaxial Rotatory Fixation. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 1996; 19(4):268-72.

Knutson GA. Abnormal Upper Cervical Joint Alignment and the Neurologic Component of the Atlas Subluxation Complex. Chiropr Res J, 1997; 4(1):5-9.

Peet JB. Case Study: Three Year Old Female with Acute Stomach Problems. Chiropr Pediatrics, 1997; 3(1):10-1.

Eriksen K. Correction of Juvenile Idiopathic Scoliosis After Primary Upper Cervical Care: A Case Study. Chiropr Res J, 1996; 3(3):25-33.

Peet JB. Case Study: Eight Year Old Female with Chronic Asthma. Chiropr Pediatrics, 1997; 3(2):9-12.

Killinger LZ, Azad A. Chiropractic Care of Infantile Colic: A Case Study. J Clin Chiropr Pediatrics, 1998; 3(1):203-6.

Kessinger R, Boneva D. Bell’s Palsy and the Upper Cervical Spine. Chiropr Res J, 1999; 6(2):47-56.

Prax JC. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care of the Pediatric Patient: A Review of the Literature. J Clin Chiropr Pediatr, 1999; 4(1): 257-63.

Kessinger RC, Boneva DV. Case Study: Acceleration/Deceleration Injury with Angular Kyphosis. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2000; 23(4):279-87.

Aguilar AL, Grostic JD, Pfleger B. Chiropractic Care and Behavior in Autistic Children. J Clin Chiropr Pediatr, 2000; 5(1):293-304.

Hunt JM. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care of an Infant with Irregular Bowel Function: A Case Study. J Clin Chiropr Pediatr, 2000; 5(1):312-4.

Hunt JM. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care and the Resolution of Cystic Hygroma in a Twelve-Year-Old Female: A Case Study. J Clin Chiropr Pediatr, 2000; 5(1):315-7.

Hunt JM. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care of a Pediatric Patient with Asthma: A Case Study. J Clin Chiropr Pediatr, 2000; 5(1):318-21.

Pistolese RA. Epilepsy and Seizure Disorders: A Review of Literature Relative to Chiropractic Care of Children. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2001; 24(3): 199-205.

Knutson G. Vectored Upper Cervical Manipulation for Chronic Sleep Bruxism, Headache and Cervical Spine Pain in a Child. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2003; 26(6):e16.

Elster EL. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care for a Nine-Year-Old Male with Tourette Syndrome, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Depression, Asthma, Insomnia, and Headaches: A Case Report. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, July 12, 2003:1-11.

Khorshid KA, et al. Clinical Efficacy of Upper Cervical Versus Full Spine Chiropractic Care on Children with Autism: A Randomized Clinical Trial. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, March 9, 2006:1-7.

Stone-McCoy PA, Przybysz L. Chiropractic Management of a Child with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder & Vertebral Subluxation: A Case Study. J Pediatr, Maternal & Family Health, March 1, 2009:1-8.

Elster E. Sixteen Infants with Acid Reflux and Colic Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care to Correct Vertebral Subluxation: A Retrospective Analysis of Outcome. J Pediatr, Maternal & Family Health, May 9, 2009:1-7.

Hubbard TA, Crisp CA. Cessation of Cyclic Vomiting in a 7-Year-Old Girl After Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: Case Report. J Chiropr Med, 2010; 9(4):179-83.

Khauv KB, Dickholtz M. Improvement in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis in a Patient Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Report. J Pediatr, Maternal & Family Health, September 13, 2010:136-42.

Hooper S, Manis A. Upper Cervical Care in a Nine-Year-Old Female with Occipital Lobe Epilepsy: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, February 3, 2011:10-7.

Chung J, Salminen B. Reduction in Scoliosis in a 10 Year-Old Female Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Report. J Pediatr, Maternal & Family Health, February 28, 2011:23-30.

Noriega A, Chung J, Brown J. Improvement in a 6 year-old Child with Autistic Spectrum Disorder and Nocturnal Enuresis under Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, January 30, 2012:1-8.

Wolfertz MT, Dahlberg VL. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care for a Sixteen-Year-Old Male with Bipolar Disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Vertebral Subluxation. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, June 20, 2012:55-62.

Kessinger R, Matthews A. Resolution of Trigeminal Neuralgia in a 14 Year Old Following Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care to Reduce Vertebral Subluxation: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, August 30, 2012:77-84.

Millman L, Forest T, Hubbard T. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care for a 10-year-old Patient with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, October 10, 2012:85-91.

Ferguson K, Steinke J. Improvement in a Child with Transient Tachypnea of Newborn Following Chiropractic Care to Reduce Vertebral Subluxation: A Case Report. J Pediatr, Maternal & Family Health, November 5, 2012:95-8.

Bernard M, Alcantara J, Pierce S. The Care of a Teenage Girl with Migraine Headaches with the Advanced Orthogonal Procedure: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, January 24, 2013:14-9.

Brown J, Chung J, O’Connell K. Complications Following Brain Surgery Improved After Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, June 14, 2013:43-8.

Shreeve MW, Momplaisir F. Resolution of Tic Disorder in an 8-Year Old Boy Following the Grostic Technique: A Case Report J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, November 18, 2013:71-6.

Rectenwald R. Resolution of Severe Chronic Asthma in an Infant Following Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care to Reduce Subluxation. J Pediatr, Maternal & Family Health, May 26, 2014:27-9.

Bagnaro N. Improvement in Subjective, Academic and TOVA Measures in a Child with ADHD Following Upper Cervical Chiropractic Management. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, July 10, 2014:42-6.

Manis AJ, Rubinstein MM. Resolution of Motor Tics, ADHD and Discontinuation of Medications in a 10 Year Old Male Twin Following Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, November 21, 2014:68-71.

Flory T, Chung J, Ozner J. Resolution of Facial Neuralgia Following Reduction of Atlas Subluxation Complex: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, February 23, 2015:6-13.

PELVIC DISTORTION

This article ties the link between postural distortion and pain.  The article concluded that as little as 1cm leg length discrepancy was significant enough to lead to postural distortion.  “The data indicates that pelvic distortion causes postural compensations that can result in joint degeneration and symptoms”.  Upper cervical chiropractic emphasizes the correction of posture in order to restore the body to proper balance, elimination joint degeneration.

Mahar RK, MacLeod DA. Simulated Leg-Length Discrepancy: Its Effect on Mean Cener-of-Pressure Position and Postrual Sway. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 1985; 66(12):822-824.

POSTURAL DISTORTION

“Subjects with more severe postural abnormalities, however, had a significantly increased incidence of pain”.  Bad posture leads to more pain!

Griegel-Morris P, Larson K, Meuller-Klaus K, Oatis CA. Incidence of Common Postural Abnormalities in the Cervical, Shoulder, and Thoracic Regions and Their Association with Pain in Two Ago Groups of Healthy Subjects. Physical Ther, 1992; 72(6):425-430.

Sherwood KR, Brickner DS, Jennings DJ, Mattern JC. Postural Changes After Reduction of the Atlanto-Axial Subluxation. J Chiropr Res, 1989; 5(4):96-100.

Seemann DC. Bilateral Weight Differential and Functional Short Leg: An Analysis of Pre and Post Data After Reduction of an Atlas Subluxation. Chiropr Res J, 1993; 2(3):33-8.

Dobson GJ. Structural Changes in the Cervical Spine Following Spinal Adjustments in a Patient with Os Odontoideum: A Case Report. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, 1996; 1(1):37-40.

Knutson GA. Moderation of Postural Distortion Following Upper Cervical Facet Joint Block Injection: A Case Study. Chiropr Res J, 1998; 5(1):28-34.

Seemann DC. Anatometer Measurements: A Field Study Intra- and Inter-Examiner Reliability and Pre to Post Changes Following an Atlas Adjustment. Chiropr Res J, 1999; 6(1):7-9.

Hoiriis KT, Hinson R, Elsangek O, Brown S, Verzosa GT, Burd D. Baseline Characteristics of Chiropractic Patients: Correlation of Anatometer Readings with Supine Leg Length Inequality. National Vertebral Subluxation Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Spartanburg, SC, October 9-10, 1999.

PULMONARY DISORDERS

Kessinger R. Changes in Pulmonary Function Associated with Upper Cervical Specific Chiropractic Care. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, 1997; 1(3):43-9.

Kessinger RC, Boneva DV. A New Approach to the Upper Cervical Specific, Knee-Chest Adjusting Procedure: Part I. Chiropr Res J, 2000; 7(1):14-32.

McCoy M, Paez P. Response to Specific Upper Cervical Adjustment in a Patient with Multiple Neuromusculoskeletal Complaints: A Case Study. 17th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, February 3-4, 2001.

Ferguson K, Steinke J. Improvement in a Child with Transient Tachypnea of Newborn Following Chiropractic Care to Reduce Vertebral Subluxation: A Case Report. J Pediatr, Maternal & Family Health, November 5, 2012:95-8.

QUALITY OF LIFE IMPROVEMENT

Kirby SL. A Case Study: The Effects of Chiropractic On Multiple Sclerosis. Chiropr Res J, 1994; 3(1):7-12.

Selano JL, Hightower BC, Pfleger B, Collins KF, Grostic JD. The Effects of Specific Upper Cervical Adjustments on the CD4 Counts of HIV Positive Patients. Chiropr Res J, 1994; 3(1):32-9.

Wallace HL, Dickholtz M. Rand 36 as an Outcome Measure in NUCCA Practice. 13th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life College, Marietta, GA, November 16-17, 1996.

Hoiriis KT, Owens EF, Pfleger B. Changes in General Health Status During Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Practice-Based Research Project. Chiropr Res J 1997; 4(1):18-26.

Owens EF, Hoiriis KT, Burd D. Changes in General Health Status During Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: PBR Progress Report. Chiropr Res J, 1998; 5(1):9-16.

Hoiriis KT, Owens EF. Changes in General Health Status During Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care — A Practice Based Research Project. 6th Annual National Subluxation Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Atlantic City, NJ, October 10-11, 1998.

Hoiriis KT, Burd D, Owens EF. Changes in General Health Status During Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Practice-Based Research Project Update. Chiropr Res J, 1999; 6(2):65-70.

Kessinger RC, Boneva DV. Vertigo, Tinnitus, and Hearing Loss in the Geriatric Patient. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2000; 23(5):352-62.

Kessinger R, Boneva D, White PB. Bone Mineral Density Changes Following Upper Cervical Care. 9th Annual Vertebral Subluxation Research Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Spartanburg, SC, October 13-14, 2001.

Edenfield BA. A Case Report: Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care for an Adult Patient with Scheuermann’s Disease and Back Pain. 17th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, February 3-4, 2001.

Hinson R, Brown S. Chiropractic Management of Trigeminal Neuralgia: A Preliminary Study. 130th Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association, November 11, 2002.

Brown S. Case Study: Use of an Upper Cervical Specific Chiropractic Technique in a Subject with Chronic Migraines. 130th Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association, November 11, 2002.

Knutson GA, Owens EF. Leg Length Alignment Asymmetry in a Non-Clinical Population and its Correlation to a Decrease in General Health as Measured by the SF-12: A Pilot Study. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, November 1, 2004:1-5.

Palmer J, Dickholtz M. Improvement in Radiographic Measurements, Posture, Pain & Quality of Life in NonMigraine Headache Patients Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Retrospective Practice Based Study. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, June 4, 2009:1-11.

Landry S. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Management of a Patient Diagnosed with Idiopathic Parkinson’s Disease: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, July 30, 2012:63-70.

Dickholtz M, White E. Improvement in Quality of Life, Sleep & Attention in a Patient with Attention Deficit Disorder Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care to Reduce Vertebral Subluxation: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, August 27, 2012:71-6.

Woodfield HC, Dickholtz M. Quality of Life Improvement in Patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Following Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, December 11, 2012:92-9.

Nardi J. Resolution of Irritable Bowel Symptomatology in a Patient Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, April 18, 2013:25-31.

Soriano W, Apatiga A. Resolution of Fibromyalgia & Polypharmacy Concomitant with Increased Cervical Curve & Improved Quality of Life Following Reduction of Upper Cervical Subluxation: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, October 21, 2014:61-7.

RANGE OF MOTION

Kessinger R, Pfleger B. Changes in Cervical Flexion/Extension Following Upper Cervical Specific Chiropractic Care. 15th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, November 21-22, 1998.

Kessinger RC, Boneva DV. The Influence of Upper Cervical Specific Chiropractic Care on Lumbar Range of Motion. 17th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, February 3-4, 2001.

Whittingham W, Nilsson N. Active Range of Motion in the Cervical Spine Increases after Spinal Manipulation (Toggle Recoil). J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2001; 24(9):552-5.

Chung J, Salminen B. Reduction in Scoliosis in a 10 Year-Old Female Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Report. J Pediatr, Maternal & Family Health, February 28, 2011:23-30.

Landry S. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Management of a Patient Diagnosed with Idiopathic Parkinson’s Disease: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, July 30, 2012:63-70.

Malachowski T, Rubinstein R. Improved Health Outcomes in Parkinson’s Disease Utilizing Specific Upper Cervical Chiropractic Protocol: A Case Series. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, May 15, 2014:23-33.

SCOLIOSIS

Eriksen K. Correction of Juvenile Idiopathic Scoliosis After Primary Upper Cervical Care: A Case Study. Chiropr Res J, 1996; 3(3):25-33.

Basu KS, Blankenship NK. Chiropractic and Scoliosis: A Case Study. Chiropr Res J, 1999; 6(2):71-6.

Khauv KB, Dickholtz M. Improvement in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis in a Patient Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Report. J Pediatr, Maternal & Family Health, September 13, 2010:136-42.

Chung J, Salminen B. Reduction in Scoliosis in a 10 Year-Old Female Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Case Report. J Pediatr, Maternal & Family Health, February 28, 2011:23-30.

Bowler B, Conlen K. Retracing: A Case Study of How Early Life Dis-Ease Becomes Complex Adult Health Issues. 8th Annual International Research and Philosophy Symposium, Sherman College of Chiropractic Spartanburg, South Carolina, October 22-23, 2011.

SEIZURE DISORDERS

Goodman RJ, Mosby JS. Cessation of a Seizure Disorder: Correction of the Atlas Subluxation Complex. J Chiropr Res Clin Invest, 1990; 6(2):43-6.

Duff BA. Documented Chiropractic Results on a Case Diagnosed as Myoclonic Seizures. J Chiropr Res Clin Invest, 1992; 8(3):56-7.

Hospers L. EEG and CEEG Studies Before and After Upper Cervical or SOT Category II Adjustment in Children After Head Trauma, in Epilepsy and in “Hyperactivity”. Proceedings of the National Conference on Chiropractic & Pediatrics, November 1992.

Prax JC. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care of the Pediatric Patient: A Review of the Literature. J Clin Chiropr Pediatr, 1999; 4(1): 257-63.

Pistolese RA. Epilepsy and Seizure Disorders: A Review of Literature Relative to Chiropractic Care of Children. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2001; 24(3): 199-205.

Elster EL. Treatment of Bipolar, Seizure, and Sleep Disorders and Migraine Headaches Utilizing a Chiropractic Technique. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2004; 27(3):E5.

Hubbard TA, Crisp CA, Vowles B. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care for a 25-Year-Old Woman with Myoclonic Seizures. J Chiropr Med, 2010; 9(2):90-4.

Hooper S, Manis A. Upper Cervical Care in a Nine-Year-Old Female with Occipital Lobe Epilepsy: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, February 3, 2011:10-7.

Sweat R, Adams T. Resolution of Post-Concussion Seizures Following Atlas Orthogonal Technique. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, November 3, 2011:66-70.

Sweat R, Pottenger T. Seizure, Ataxia, Fatigue, Strabismus and Migraine Resolved by Precise Realignment of the First Cervical Vertebra: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, March 12, 2012:20-6.

SHOULDER PAIN

Feeley KM. Conservative Chiropractic Care of Frozen Shoulder Syndrome: A Case Study. Chiropr Res J, 1992; 2(2):31-7.

Peet J. Brachial Plexus Injury in an Infant with Down’s Syndrome: A Case Study. Chiropr Pediatrics, 1994; 1(2):11- 4.

Hoiriis K, Jordan J. Response of Frozen Shoulder Syndrome to Care by Upper Cervical Chiropractic Adjustments: A Multiple Case Study. Conference Proceedings of the Chiropractic Centennial Foundation, Washington, DC, July 1995.

Robinson GK. Reabsorption of a Herniated Cervical Disc Following Chiropractic Treatment Utilizing the Atlas Orthogonal Technique: A Case Report. 14th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, November 22-23, 1997.

Reynolds C. Reduction of Hypolordosis of the Cervical Spine and Forward Head Posture with Specific Upper Cervical Adjustment and the Use of a Home Therapy Cushion. Chiropr Res J, 1998; 5(1):23-7.

Kessinger RC, Boneva DV. Case Study: Acceleration/Deceleration Injury with Angular Kyphosis. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2000; 23(4):279-87.

Carleton J, et al. Resolution of Cervical Complications Secondary to Motor Vehicle Accidents by the Application of Stereotactic Cervical Alignment (SCALE) Methods: Statistical Review of 54 Patients. J Whiplash Rel Dis, 2006; 5(1):15-24.

Bennett C, Tedder N. Improvement in a Patient with Fibromyalgia Following Knee Chest Upper Cervical Specific Care: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, March 15, 2012:27-30.

Kessinger RC, Anderson MF, Adlington JW. Improvement in Pattern Analysis, Heart Rate Variability & Symptoms Following Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, May 9, 2013:32-42.

Roth L, Zelman D, Clum L, Roth J. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care as a Complementary Strategy for Depression and Anxiety: A Prospective Case Series Analysis. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, June 20, 2013:49-59.

SLEEP DISORDERS

Kessinger RC, Boneva DV. A New Approach to the Upper Cervical Specific, Knee-Chest Adjusting Procedure: Part I. Chiropr Res J, 2000; 7(1):14-32.

Elster EL. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care for a Nine-Year-Old Male with Tourette Syndrome, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Depression, Asthma, Insomnia, and Headaches: A Case Report. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, July 12, 2003:1-11.

Elster EL. Treatment of Bipolar, Seizure, and Sleep Disorders and Migraine Headaches Utilizing a Chiropractic Technique. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2004; 27(3):E5.

Dickholtz M, White E. Improvement in Quality of Life, Sleep & Attention in a Patient with Attention Deficit Disorder Undergoing Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care to Reduce Vertebral Subluxation: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, August 27, 2012:71-6.

Roth L, Zelman D, Clum L, Roth J. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care as a Complementary Strategy for Depression and Anxiety: A Prospective Case Series Analysis. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, June 20, 2013:49-59.

Malachowski T, Rubinstein R. Improved Health Outcomes in Parkinson’s Disease Utilizing Specific Upper Cervical Chiropractic Protocol: A Case Series. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, May 15, 2014:23-33.

SPONDYLOSIS

This article came to a simple conclustion, “faulty posture can lead to the development of spondylosis”.  This is understandable since faulty postural typically adds more pressure to the weight bearing joints including the spine.

Seletz E. Whiplash Injuries. JAMA, 1958; 168(13):1750-1755.

SYMPTOMATIC REACTIONS

Knutson GA. Case Studies of Upper Cervical Adjusting Errors: The Possibility of Chiropractic Iatrogenesis. Chiropr Res J, 1996; 3(3):20-4.

Eriksen K, Rochester RP, Hurwitz EL. Symptomatic Reactions, Clinical Outcomes and Patient Satisfaction Associated with Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care: A Prospective, Multicenter, Cohort Study. BMC Musculoskelet Disord, 2011; 12:219.

THORACIC OUTLET SYNDROME

“Forward head position may also lead to thoracic outlet symptoms.  Because of increased tension in the anterior and lateral cervical musculature, the first and seconds ribs become elevated and may then compress the neurovascular components-the subclavian artery and vein and the brachial plexus.”

Darnell MW. A Proposed Chronology of Events for Forward Head Posture. J Craniomandibular Practice, 1983; 1(4):49-54.

TINNITUS

This article describes an Atlas Therapy (upper cervical) that some patients reported improvement with their tinnitus and muscle tension.

Kaute BB. The Influence of Atlas Therapy on Tinnitus. Int Tinnitus J, 1998; 4(2):165-167.

TMJ DYSFUNCTION

1.)This author reviewed the literature that associated postural distortion with TMJ dysfunction.  This is what he found, “Postural distortion causes reduced muscular efficiency due to an increased demand for muscle action to maintain balance….this leaves the muscles susceptible to strain, spasm, and pain.”  This article is a great explanation of why postural distortion may cause of myriad of symptoms.  2.) This article discusses how forward head position leads to a retraction of the pterygoid muscles on the mandible.  This pulls the mandible retro to the disc, leading to TMJ pain and dysfunction.  The forward head posture must be corrected in order to eliminate the TMJ dysfunction.

1.) Braun BL. Postural Differences Between Asymptomatic Men and Women and Craniofacial Pain Patients. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 1991; 72(9):653-656.

2.) Darnell MW. A Proposed Chronology of Events for Forward Head Posture. J Craniomandibular Practice, 1983; 1(4):49-54.

Knutson GA, Jacob M. Possible Manifestation of Temporo-Mandibular Dysfunction on Chiropractic Cervical X-ray Studies. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 1999; 22(1):32-7.

Knutson G. Vectored Upper Cervical Manipulation for Chronic Sleep Bruxism, Headache and Cervical Spine Pain in a Child. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2003; 26(6):e16.

Singh GD, Chapman C, Preble M. Craniofacial Changes after Combined Atlas-Orthogonal and Biomimetic Oral Appliance Therapy. Annals Vertebral Subluxation Res, December 18, 2014:2118.

TORTICOLLIS

1.) This article states “the etiology of torticollis is an atlanto-axial rotatory subluxation”.  Medical doctors used x-rays and CT scans before and after treatment, in order to come to this conclusion. 2.) This article was written after a patient developed torticollis after their head was turned to the side during surgery.  The surgeon used a CT scan to conclude there in fact was a rotatory atlanto-axial subluxation.  The rotatory atlanto-axial subluxation is one of the primary factors corrected in an upper cervical adjustment.

1.)  Leventhal MR, Maguire JK, Christian CA. Atlantoaxial Rotatory Subluxation in Ankylosing Spondylitis, Case Report. Spine, 1990; 15(12):1374-1376.

2.)  Jensen JH, Noring E. Torticollis-An Unusual Origin. Ugeskr-Laeger, 1989; 151(15):950-951.

Gutmann G. Blocked Atlantal Nerve Syndrome, in Infants and Small Children. Man Med, Springer-Verlag, 1987.

Killinger LZ. Torticollis: A Chiropractic Case Study. Palmer J Res, 1995; 2(2):23-6.

Knutson GA. Chiropractic Correction of Atlantoaxial Rotatory Fixation. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 1996; 19(4):268-72.

Bolton PS, Bolton SP. Acute Cervical Torticollis and Palmer Upper Cervical Specific Technique: A Report of Three Cases. Chiropr J Australia, 1996; 26(3):89-93.

James KA. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care for Spasmodic Torticollis Cases. 15th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, November 21-22, 1998.

TOURETTE SYNDROME

Trotta N. The Response of an Adult Tourette Patient to Life Upper Cervical Adjustments. Chiropr Res J, 1989; 1(3):43-8.

Elster EL. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care for a Nine-Year-Old Male with Tourette Syndrome, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Depression, Asthma, Insomnia, and Headaches: A Case Report. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, July 12, 2003:1-11.

TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA

Hinson R. Upper Cervical Neurology and Trigeminal Neuralgia. 16th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, November 20-21, 1999.

Hinson R. A Model of Cervical Spine Involvement in Trigeminal Neuralgia. Annual Meeting of the Society of Neurosciences, New Orleans, LA, November 2000.

Hinson R. Chiropractic Management of Trigeminal Neuralgia: Outcomes for Pain and Depression. 6th Biennial Congress of the World Federation of Chiropractic, Paris, France, May 21-26, 2001.

Hinson R, Brown S. Chiropractic Management of Trigeminal Neuralgia: A Preliminary Study. 130th Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association, November 11, 2002.

Hinson R. Chiropractic Management of Facial Pain. 4th Biannual Conference of the Trigeminal Neuralgia Association. San Diego, CA, November 2002.

Ierano JJ. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Management of Trigeminal Neuralgia: A Series of Case Reports. 8 th Biennial Congress of the World Federation of Chiropractic, Sydney, Australia, June 14-18, 2005.

Burcon MT. Resolution of Trigeminal Neuralgia Following Chiropractic Care to Reduce Cervical Spine Vertebral Subluxations: A Case Study. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, October 26, 2009:1-7.

Bowler B, Conlen K. Retracing: A Case Study of How Early Life Dis-Ease Becomes Complex Adult Health Issues. 8th Annual International Research and Philosophy Symposium, Sherman College of Chiropractic Spartanburg, South Carolina, October 22-23, 2011.

Sweat M, Wallace SS. Resolution of Trigeminal Neuralgia in a Patient Undergoing Atlas Orthogonal Chiropractic Care: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, May 31, 2012:46-54.

Kessinger R, Matthews A. Resolution of Trigeminal Neuralgia in a 14 Year Old Following Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care to Reduce Vertebral Subluxation: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, August 30, 2012:77-84.

Burcon M, Pero J. Resolution of Glossopharyngeal Neuralgia & Spastic Dystonia Following Chiropractic Care to Reduce Upper Cervical Vertebral Subluxation: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, January 6, 2014:7- 13.

Sweat M, McDowell B. Reduction of Trigeminal Neuralgia Symptoms Following Atlas Orthogonal Chiropractic Care: A Case Report. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, June 23, 2014:34-41.

Flory T, Chung J, Ozner J. Resolution of Facial Neuralgia Following Reduction of Atlas Subluxation Complex: A Case Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, February 23, 2015:6-13.

X-RAY

Anderson RT. A Radiographic Test of Upper Cervical Chiropractic Theory. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 1981; 4(3):129-33.

Grostic JD, DeBoer KF. Roentgenographic Measurement of Atlas Laterality and Rotation: A Retrospective Pre- and Post- Manipulative Study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 1982; 5(2):63-71.

Owens EJ, Hosek RS. Structure Location Errors In An Upper Cervical X-ray Analysis. Chiropr Res J, 1988; 1(1):13- 20.

Suh CH. Minimum Error Point Search for Spinal X-ray Analysis. Chiropr Res J, 1988; 1(1):4-12.

Suh CH. Displacement Analysis of the Spine with use of X-rays. Chiropr Res J, 1988; 1(2):5-16.

Hart JF. Effect of Patient Positioning on an Upper Cervical X-ray Listing: A Case Study. J Chiropr Res, 1988; 5(1):19-21.

Owens EF. Line Drawing Analyses of Static Cervical X-ray Used in Chiropractic. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 1992; 15(7):442-9.

Grostic JD, Marshall WG. Accuracy of an Upper Cervical Measuring System: A Validity Study. Proceedings of the International Conference on Spinal Manipulation, Chicago, IL, May 15-17, 1992.

Spano N. Static Palpation of Muscle Imbalance as Compared to Radiographic Evaluation of C-1. J Straight Chiropr, 1995; 1(1):24-7.

Eriksen K. Comparison Between Upper Cervical X-ray Listings and Technique Analyses Utilizing a Computerized Database. Chiropr Res J, 1996; 3(2):13-24.

Rochester RP, Owens EF. Patient Placement Error in Rotation and Its Affect on the Upper Cervical Measuring System. Chiropr Res J, 1996; 3(2):40-53.

Knutson GA. Atlas Laterality/Laterality and Rotation and the Angular Acceleration of the Head and Neck in Motor Vehicle Accidents. Chiropr Res J, 1996; 3(3):11-9.

Owens EF. The Annual Biomechanics Conference on the Spine: A Review of Basic Chiropractic Research at the University of Colorado from 1969 to 1985. Chiropr Res J, 1996; 3(3):34-51.

Eriksen K, Owens EF. Upper Cervical Post X-ray Reduction and its Relationship to Symptomatic Improvement and Spinal Stability. Chiropr Res J, 1997; 4(1):10-7.

Hart JF. Persistence of Vertebral Misalignments Detected on Radiographs of the Cervical Spine During Chiropractic Care: A Case Study. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, 1997; 1(4):1-5.

Suh CH, Smith CG. The Implementation of a Three-dimensional Computerized X-ray Analysis Routine into the Life Upper-cervical Technique. 14th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, November 22-23, 1997.

Sweat RW, Sweat MH, Nygaard D, Ellwood J. An Atlas Orthogonal Technique Method of Transforming Between Inches and Degrees for Practitioners Applying the Grostic Method of Analysis and Vertebral Listings. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, 1998; 2(4):182-7.

Steinle L, Steinle N. Examination of Relationships Between Atlas Lateral Displacement, Atlas Rotational Malposition and Supine Leg Length Disparities: A Correlation Study of 1,102 Cases. 15th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, November 21-22, 1998.

Sweat RW. Atlas Orthogonal Computerized X-ray Analysis Program. 6th Annual National Subluxation Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Atlantic City, NJ, October 10-11, 1998.

Hart J. Comparison of AP Open Mouth and Base Posterior Radiographs Regarding Atlas Rotation Findings. 6th Annual National Subluxation Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Atlantic City, NJ, October 10- 11, 1998.

Brown SH, Salminen B, Hinson R, Owens E. Comparison of Radiographic Analysis for Three Upper Cervical Specific Techniques. 5th Annual Upper Cervical Conference, Life University, Marietta, GA, November 21-22, 1998.

Hart J. Comparison of Upper Cervical X-ray Listings to Upper Cervical Palpation Listings. National Vertebral Subluxation Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Spartanburg, SC, October 9-10, 1999.

Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Troyanovich SJ. Reliability of Spinal Displacement Analysis on Plain X-rays: A Review of Commonly Accepted Facts and Fallacies with Implications for Chiropractic Education and Technique. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 1998; 21(4):252-66.

Jackson BL, et al. Reliability of the Pettibon Patient Positioning System for Radiographic Production. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, 2000; 4(1):3-11.

Brown S, Hinson R, Owens EF. Comparison of Radiographic Analysis for Two Upper Cervical Specific Techniques. 8th Annual Vertebral Subluxation Research Conference, Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic, Spartanburg, SC, October 7-8, 2000.

Harrison DE. Repeatability Over Time of Posture, Radiograph Positioning, and Radiograph Line Drawing: An Analysis of Six Control Groups. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2003; 26(2):87-98.

Hart J. A Brief History of the Anteroposterior Open-Mouth Radiograph. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2004; 27(8):e13.

Knutson GA. An Examination of the Premises for Chiropractic Specific Upper Cervical Technique. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, February 7, 2005:1-7.

Eriksen K. Lead Foil Compensating Filters and their Impact on Reducing Radiation Exposure for Cervical Spine Xrays. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, April 9, 2007:1-9.

Bakris G, et al. Atlas Vertebra Realignment and Achievement of Arterial Pressure Goal in Hypertensive Patients: A Pilot Study. J Hum Hypertens, 2007; 21(5):347-52.

Bakris G, et al. Atlas Vertebra Realignment and Achievement of Arterial Pressure Goal in Hypertensive Patients: A Pilot Study. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, Oct. 29, 2007:1-9.

Rochester RP. Neck Pain and Disability Outcomes Following Chiropractic Upper Cervical Care: A Retrospective Case Series. J Can Chiropr Assoc, 2009; 53(3) 173-85.

Hannah JS. Hybrid Horizontal Radiograph of the Atlas: A Technical Report. Chiropr J Aust, 2010; 40:121-5.

X-RAY ANALYSIS RELIABILITY

Sigler DC, Howe JW. Inter- and Intra Examiner Reliability of the Upper Cervical X-ray Marking System. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 1985; 8:75-80.

Sansone M, Wooley JR, Grannis GH. Inter- and Intra-examiner Reliability of Upper Cervical X-ray Marking System. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 1986; 9(4):285-6.

Jackson BL, Barker W, Bentz J, Gambale AG. Inter- and Intra-examiner Reliability of the Upper Cervical X-ray Marking System: A Second Look. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 1987; 10(4):157-63.

Grostic JD. Computer Aided Analysis of Upper Cervical Radiographs. 6th Annual Conservative Health Science Conference, Old Brookfield, NY, October 9-11, 1987.

Jackson BL, Barker WF, Gambale AG. Reliability of the Upper Cervical X-ray Marking system: A Replication Study. J Clin Invest Res, 1988; 1(1):10-3.

Keating JC, Boline PD. The Precision and Reliability of an Upper Cervical X-ray Marking System: Lessons from the Literature. J Chiropr Res Clin Invest, 1988; 1(2):43-9.

Rochester RP. Inter and Intra-Examiner Reliability of the Upper Cervical X-ray Marking System: A Third and Expanded Look. Chiropr Res J, 1994; 3(1):23-31.

Spencer JM. Interobserver Reliability of Pre and Post X-ray Measurement of the Grostic Upper Angle. 11th Annual Upper Cervical Spine Conference, Life College, Marietta, GA, November 19-20, 1994.

Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Troyanovich SJ. Reliability of Spinal Displacement Analysis on Plain X-rays: A Review of Commonly Accepted Facts and Fallacies with Implications for Chiropractic Education and Technique. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 1998; 21(4):252-66.

Jackson BL, et al. Reliability of the Pettibon Patient Positioning System for Radiographic Production. J Vertebral Subluxation Res, 2000; 4(1):3-11.

Hart J. Palpation and X-ray of the Upper Cervical Spine: A Reliability Study, J Vertebral Subluxation Res, October 25, 2006:1-14.

Hubbard TA, Vowles BM, Forest T. Inter- and Intraexaminer Reliability of the Blair Protractoview Method: Examination of a Chiropractic Radiographic Technique. J Chiropr Med, 2010; 9(2):60-8.

Fehl WE, Kuhta P, Hart J. Inter-examiner Agreement for C1 and C2 Static Alignment Analysis Using Analog and Digital Radiographic Technologies: A Pilot Study. J Upper Cervical Chiropr Res, June 30, 2011:45-9.

VERTIGO

1.) “Medical doctors recognize that dizziness disorders can have various etiologies, one of them is a disturbance arising form dysfunction of the cervical joint receptors.” 2.) This pilot study found that “cervical manipulation was the only treatment found to diminish the duration of dizziness and vertigo during the previous 7 days”. Other methods tested were acupuncture and NSAID-percutan.

1.) Orma E, Kaskemoja M. Postural Dizziness in the Aged. Geriatrics, January 1957:49-59.

2.) Heikkila H, Johansson M, Wenngren BI. Effects of Acupuncture, Cervical Manipulation, and NSAID Therapy on Dizziness and Impaired Head Repositioning of Suspected Cervical Origin: A Pilot Study. Man Ther, 2000; 5(3):151-157.